Sociol 2340, Week 2 Notes
Sociol 2340, Week 2 Notes SOCIOL 2340
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maya Notetaker on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 2340 at Ohio State University taught by Kathleen Lamb in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Sex and Love in Modern Society in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
Seidman Chapter 3: Social Constructionism: Sociology, History, and Philosophy Sociologist have researched sexuality from a social perspective o Reiss – women’s rising economic power provides female sexual freedom Transition once women are employed and have more schooling Women’s virginity makes them seem like good sexual partners, the most important factor UNTIL she has education and worth from employment o Gagnon and Simon – sexuality is socially learned Scripts are the underlying norms for sexual behavior – what is an appropriate setting, how do you get their attention, where does your relationship need to be with the person Norms of having sex with someone in a relationship is different than with a stranger – monogamy, media influences, frequency, a private setting (bedroom) Plummer – homosexuality is learned through social interaction o May be stigmatized, or may be considered good or socially acceptable o Whether or not you act on something that you are feeling and how society labels that Sociological Theories on Sexuality Weeks – Essentialism – sexuality is a basic part of being human o Constancy of essences (homosexuals and heterosexuals) found across societies and over time How the essences are expressed varies by culture but they are found everywhere around the globe Constructionism (Reality is socially constructed – Berger and Luckmann) o Sexuality is created by a culture – what’s sexual in one society is not necessarily sexual in another o Sexuality is a learned way of thinking and acting; we’re socialized into it over time Oral sex has evolved over time – it used to be done in a marital context with a high degree of fidelity and commitment; now done to indicate affection, status, social approval E.g., homosexuality has greatly changed over time; used to be a behavior not an identity (could have sex with a man and marry a woman, doing what you’re “supposed to do”) Sexuality, gender identity, medical condition (stigmatized), affirmative identity Michel Foucault – All societies create a discourse around sexuality o Elderly people having sex “doesn’t happen” o Grave robbers, cougars, etc. – negative discourse about crossing generational lines o Young people having sex and hooking up (middle and high school) – public health concern o Discourses are agents of social control – don’t want to be labeled th th 17 and 18 centuries – sexuality reserved for marriage only 19 and 20 centuries – more power given to non- familial institutions (criminal justice system, educational system) o Foucault favored sexual liberation – the right to express one’s true nature and identity Seidman discusses the possibility of freeing society from the idea of sexuality o No longer an academic field/influence o People will no longer be labeled Gay right movement put everyone in society into binary categories (gay or straight as opposed to fluidity) o Consensual adult sexual activity would not be associated with moral meanings o Sexuality would exist to create pleasure, create social ties, or act as sources of cultural creativity (social expression) Do you believe it is possible to free society from thinking of sexuality as it currently does from having moral implications? Why or why not?