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REL 100-920: Module 2 Notes

by: Emily Ellis

REL 100-920: Module 2 Notes REL 100

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > REL 100 > REL 100 920 Module 2 Notes
Emily Ellis

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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 2 of our textbook, as well as our powerpoint and assigned side-readings. All correct answers to quiz #2 can be found in these notes. enjoy! :)
Intro To Religious Studies
Mary Rebecca Read-Wahidi
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Ellis on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mary Rebecca Read-Wahidi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
Tuesday, August 30, 2016 REL 100-920: Module 2 Notes “The History of Religion” PINK = Key Terms “Religion” = not so universal • many people talk in terms of their “religion” • however, many more do not use it to classify themselves or their societies • the problem with the word “world religions” as universal signifier • words convey a history - they show the classification of something - association of things - and value of judgements Translations: English: religion German: religionswissenschaft French: les sciences religieuses English word “religion” —> Latin word “religio” —> “to bind together”/“to reread”/ “to be careful” • our term of religion is most often understood to refer to the internal & experimental • languages influenced by Latin & later European cultures all possess something equivalent to the term “religion” - this means pre-colonial contact cultures & economies did not possess an equivalent term 1 Tuesday, August 30, 2016 - like the ancient India Sanskrit language of what we now associate with the religion of Hinduism & with the Greek in the New Testament of the Bible for the faith of Christianity PIETY- an understanding of public differences and rankings DHARMA- the Sanskrit term for the cosmic system of duties and obligations that affects all aspects of samsara (which itself names the almost endless cycle of births and rebirths) EUSEBIA- Greek term that referred to the ceremonials of worship as found in Acts 26:5 and James 1:26,27 PIETAS- Latin term having to do with the quality one is thought to possess as a result of properly fulfilling social obligations, expectations, & ritual procedures DIN- Arabic term that gives to the modern concept of the notion that there is a debt that must be settled • all of these terms do not always necessarily mean “religion” or associate with it. This means it is not a simple matter of locating identities or correspondences • however, the use of the term religion can give those who study religion the opportunity to subclass “religions” into technical categories that are capable of working with cross- cultural data Notes from Religion, Definition of: Smith • long lists of definitions of religions fail to demonstrate the difficulty in the task of defining religion - all that these lists show is that there is little agreement on an adequate definition • a specific definition of religion usually comes from a particular discipline or theory of religion - example: 1. definitions that refer to social representations are rooted in sociological explanation 2. definitions that refer to religion as a symbol of mental or unconscious reality are based in psychology 2 Tuesday, August 30, 2016 • though these definitions have some limitations placed on them, they are not inherently false • inadequate definitions include those that are vague with terms (“ultimate concern”, “worldview”, “the sacred”) • also, the definitions that include those that are too limited and restrictive, such as “belief in God”, would be inadequate as well - even though this definition would cover monotheistic religions - it would not cover polytheistic religions or religions that do not believe in any god at al • adequate definitions would include those that would mention it as a “system of beliefs & practices that are relative to superhuman beings” - this definition moves away from any other definition that depicts an “experince” or “worldview” - however, this definition would exclude the following: Nazism, Marxism, secularism, varieties of nationalism, & civil quasi-religious movements • a proposal for a useful definition would be one that which: 1. is anthropocentric 2. is empirical available 3. is cross-culturally applicable 3


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