Week 1 Notes- Sociology basics
Week 1 Notes- Sociology basics Sociology 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaeli on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Negraia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 104 views.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
Week 1 Notes Sociology 101 What is Sociology? Sociology is… The study of how individuals act in society. A process of objective analysis NOT common sense Concluded by qualitative and quantitative data Mark of Sociology What people do Categories o Race o Gender social class Historical events Social structure o Statuses and roles (earned/born into) Achieved statuses can determine ascribed statuses (and vice versa) o Groups Dyad Triad Coalition Primary More permanent Secondary Ingroups Consider yourself part of Temporary o Organizations o Institutions Made up of groups, statuses, and organizations Examples: Marriage Government o Culture Sociological Thinking and the Sociological Imagination Things to think about: o Impact of culture and history o Social and natural forces Natural forces example: Someone is homeless because of a natural disaster. Social example: Someone is homeless because of a prejudice. o Deeper explanations Look beyond your first presumption Barriers to the Sociological Imagination Individualoriented (common sense) explanations o Example: Thinking someone must not be able to find a job because they’re lazy If unemployment is high, it isn’t the person’s fault they got laid off Thinking you know everything o Things seem obvious if you know they’re true Other things Sports and entertainment are good indicators of discriminations o Races/ethnicities being common in sports means they are experiencing discrimination in other areas Purposes of sociology o Academic Reach a greater understanding of society and how it functions o Applied Make predictions about society o Public To make the information sociology gathers available to public knowledge
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