The European and African Roots of the Great Migration
The European and African Roots of the Great Migration HIST 1311
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Angela Dela Llana
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Dela Llana on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Stephen Maizlish in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see American History in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
HIST 1311 The European and African Roots of the Great Migration I. The First Migration II. First Images— First Encounters A. Pocahontas B. Jamestown III. First Maps IV. The Forced Migration The First Migration Thousands of Native Americans to America long before Europeans and Africans. Possibly moved due to climate change Crossed an ice bridge from Asia to Alaska Spread all throughout the Americas By the time Europeans arrived to America, Native Americans were already all over the land. Native American population was very diverse. Around 600 different tribes Thousands of different languages Some were nomadic, some were more settled Some were pacifistic, some were warlike the land, some owned the land and shared it with each other Europeans could not distinguish all of these differences between the diverse tribes and the individuals within them. There was much confusion over depictions of Native Americans. For example, one illustration that was supposed to depict a Native American tribe had elements of Indian architecture in the background. European settlers were walking into a world of uncertainty. First Images In 1687, John Smith led settlers through a river to Jamestown. According to John Smith, the settlers only cared about profit. Notes by Angela Dela Llana John Smith and the other settlers were attacked while traveling. The chief of the Powhatan tribe captured John Smith and conducted a mock execution. The This was meant to show how friendly the tribe was, but John and was very troubled by the experience. First Maps Settlers had very little idea of what was to the west and the north. This resulted in some bizarre maps. Many maps at the time showed California as an island. The Forced Migration Settlers had no choice but to migrate. America has a lot of land and resources but little labor. they wiped them out.) In order to get value out of the land, European settlers had to bring over people to work the land. To the settlers, nothing was in their way to make a profit except for the lack of labor, which is why they brought over African slaves. From 1450 to 1850, 11 million Africans were taken from all over the west coast of Africa and Madagascar. European settlers were afraid to go there to get slaves because of disease and other potential dangers. Therefore, they payed Africans to steal other Africans and bring them to a place like Goree Island, which was free of mosquitoes and malaria. African slaves were won through wars too. Goree Island had slave houses. hip and leave Africa. Notes by Angela Dela Llana The ones in charge of transporting slaves had to figure out how to do so efficiently in order to n. Europeans could be sent to America to make a profit. From 1590 to 1642, 80,000 Englishmen came to America voluntarily. Notes by Angela Dela Llana
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