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PHIL 2003-Introduction to Philosophy CH. 1 "Legacy of Socrates" Book Notes

by: Bradley Bullock

PHIL 2003-Introduction to Philosophy CH. 1 "Legacy of Socrates" Book Notes PHIL 2003

Marketplace > 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months > Philosophy > PHIL 2003 > PHIL 2003 Introduction to Philosophy CH 1 Legacy of Socrates Book Notes
Bradley Bullock
GPA 3.98

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About this Document

These notes are from the first week reading from the book Problems from Philosophy.
Introduction to Philosophy
Dr. David Rice
Class Notes
philosophy, Socrates
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bradley Bullock on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 2003 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. David Rice in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in Philosophy at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
Chapter 1 “Legacy of Socrates” Notes 1.1  Work of Socrates ­All of Socrates’ work has transpired from Plato’s book. The works were recorded as  “dialogues”. ­Dialogues­conversational questioning and answering. ­Socratic Method­ a form of dialogue via question and answer Charges against Socrates ­Corrupting the Youth ­Impiety Towards the Gods (showing disdain or lack of belief in the Gods) ­Charges are faulty­due to Socrates’ untraditional and critical views ­Found Guilty and sentenced to death (Exile is usually an acceptable alternative off the books) ­Following guilty sentence Socrates says “The Apology” which is a defense 1.2 Socrates Philosophy of Arguments ­Wisdom comes from the realization of ignorance ­Truth should always speak out over Public Relations (you have to say what is unpopular if it is  true) ­Arguments occur through reasoning (usually deductive) ­Argumentation is not = to verbal quarrel Socrates Arguments to face Death instead of Exile 1. Destroying the State a. Exile would destroy the state b. Should not/will not destroy the state c. Conclusion: Thus, I will not leave, and will face death Problem with argument­ State will not be destroyed by him leaving a It is bad for society if the State did not exist d. We should not do things that destroy the State e. It would destroy the State if everyone broke the law (in general) f. Conclusion: Therefore, we should in general obey the law g. Therefore, I will not leave, and will face death 2. Analogy between the State and One’s Parents a The state is like your parents in that both take care of you h. You have an obligation to obey your parents i. Thus, you also have an obligation to obey your parents j. If I have an obligation to obey the state, then I have an obligation not to leave k. Thus, I have an obligation not to leave, and therefore must face death Problems: Adults are not always obligated to obey their parents. Adults who obey their parents  are not, properly speaking, adults. 3. The Argument from the Social Contract a By partaking in society’s benefits one implicitly agrees to a “social contract” whereby one  agrees to abide by the laws of society l. It is morally wrong to break an agreement or contract m. If Socrates were to leave, then I would be breaking my contract within Athenian Society n. Thus, it would be wrong for me to leave o. Thus, I must stay and face death Problems: The contract is fictitious. It is impossible to forego social benefits that one is already  accustomed to from birth. Contracts are not always binding given certain conditions they can be  broken. Contract was void when the state unjustly accused Socrates of crimes. 


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