HIST 113, Notes 8/23/16; 8/25/16; 8/30/16
HIST 113, Notes 8/23/16; 8/25/16; 8/30/16 HIST 113-007
Popular in History through Disney
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Nemeth on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 113-007 at Indiana State University taught by Prof. Phillips in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see History through Disney in History at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
Weeks 12 Basic Timeline of U.S. History and Disney 1890’s 1910’s o Second Industrial Revolution o Wage slavery Your entire life is determined by what your boss pays you o USA becomes a major manufacturer of goods China today is like USA used to be o Little job security o Hard for families to own their own company o Depended on a job with a boss for survival Wasn’t typical back then o Many people joined populist party Lots of farmers Didn’t like railroads because of high charge to transport goods o Socialist boss had less control of wages o Anarchist wanted to abolish the federal government o Sherman AntiTrust Act Tried to break up monopolies Helped families own their own businesses o Child labor abolished o No government regulation for what goes into meat o Walt was born 1901 4 of 5 kids o Disneys moved a lot Elias (Walt’s dad) couldn’t make a steady income o Elias turned to socialism to try to support his family 19141918 o WWI (started earlier but USA didn’t get involved until 1914) o Walt’s brother went to war and Walt wanted to go with him Walt was too young He found ways to be involved 1920’s o USA made it to the map No longer a developing country o USA growing Prosperous Economically improving o Good jobs o European countries using goods from USA War ended and they didn’t have a way to produce o Stock market Companies lied about how well they were doing o Animators were all men in their 20’s o Walt started building an animation business 1930’s o Great Depression going on (19291941) Stabilizes after 1933 o No safety net No minimum wage o Banks closed and they couldn’t withdraw their life savings o Lost jobs and homes o Families broken up o Walt Disney does well o People watched Snow White and Mickey Mouse 19411945 o WWII o Propaganda films kept Disney running 19461950 o USA became a superpower o Wages were high Result of good unions and many union members o Didn’t have to go to college to get a good job o Disney Studios weren’t doing well People were scared to spend their money Disney wasn’t producing what the people wanted 1950’s o Cold War o Americans are insecure even though USA is prosperous Constantly being threatened by Soviet Union in war o Films and shoes from Disney show superiority of USA o Disney shows American values in shows and films o Disneyland opened 1955 1960’s o Counterculture (hippies) Free speech movement Feminist movement Protest o Mostly young people o Baby boomers born o Disney still promotes American values o Disney is conservative, traditional, and mainstream o Walt died 1966 1970’s o Economic recession o Disney maintains o Disney makes most money from selling products o Disney World opened 1971 1980’s o USA was doing better economically o Cable TV Disney takes advantage o Disney does well 1990’s o Technology o Diversification o Michael Isern takes over Disney after Walt 20002016 o Tourist industry growth Walt’s Childhood 19011906: Disneys lived in Chicago 19061910: Disneys moved to Marceline, MO 19101917: Disneys moved back to Chicago 19171918: Disneys moved to Kansas City, MO 19181919: Walt was in Europe for the war 19191923: Walt went back with his family to Kansas City, MO 19231966: Walt moved to Los Angeles/Hollywood/Burbank, CA Marceline Main Street is based on Marceline Had a big impact on Walt o Remembered the good parts (romanticization) Small town America was bedrock of America o Slowly disappearing (no longer the central focus) Big cities grew rapidly after the war Industrialization is 1 and urbanization is 2 Walt’s relation with Elias th Walt was the 4 of 5 children o Herbert 1888; Ray 1890; Roy 1893; Walter 1901; Ruth 1903 Elias had 19 century values th o Grew up in the 19 century so expected kids to work for their family o Strict o No frivolity Walt and Elias had very different personalities People were more individualistic in the 20 century than the 19 century Eugene Debbs Elias was a follower of Debbs Thought there was too much power in the capitalist class Believed that just because they owned everything in the company didn’t mean they could decide the wages of everyone Didn’t think individual people should be able to own everything in the company o Government should own it Money they earn goes to the workers distributed evenly Wanted a smaller capitalist class like when he was young Populist Party Tried to avoid railroads Farmers got together to distribute goods locally Anarchism Against government and business (capitalism) being put together Wanted to blow up the government Labor Unions Most conservative Better wages and shorter working hours
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