Chapter 1: Invitation to the Study of World Religions
Chapter 1: Invitation to the Study of World Religions REL 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Crump on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Kristy Slominski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religion in Religion at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
08/25/16 Chapter 1: Invitation to the Study of World Religions In order of evolution: 1. Hinduism 2. Judaism 3. Buddhism 4. Christianity 5. Islam **Check for vocab list** Dimensions of Religion (Ninian Smart): 1. Practical and ritual a. ex. Church attendance, prayer 2. Experiential and emotional a. ex. Church, prayer 3. Narrative or mythic a. ex. Bible, mythic god stories 4. Doctrinal and philosophical a. ex. Bible, education 5. Ethical and legal a. ex. Catholic rules, lifestyle guidelines 6. Social and institutional a. ex. Church, clubs/unions 7. Material a. ex. Crosses, rosary “Ultimate Reality” Cosmology- figuring out the cosmos idea, what and how are/do things of the cosmos connect Theistic- focused on a god Nontheistic- not focused on a god Atheistic- no existence of a god Agonistic- unsure whether there is a god or not Monotheism- one god Polytheism- multiple gods Henotheism- subgroup of polytheism, religions that acknowledge multiple gods but call one the supreme god Monism- everything is connected; multiple gods may exist but they are all one 08/30/16 Death: What happens after? 1. Rebirth -Hinduism & Buddhism a. Realms – heaven and hell realms (Christianity & Buddhism), cosmologies, born as god or goddess – actually not ideal; you want to be a human so that you can have consciousness b. Liberation – liberated from human life 2. Eternal Afterlife – Christianity, heaven and hell; getting closer or farther to or from their god Contacting the Devine – how do the humans know about a divine god 1. Revelation – someone (a prophet) had a revelation where the divine revealed itself in some way 2. Incarnations – gods becoming flesh, becoming human or animal 3. Experiences – a religious experience of some kind, feeling the presence of something divine, emotional or physical, numinous experience - (p.17) an awe inspiring experience that’s both terrifying and fascinating 4. Worship and Prayer- trying to contact and or become one with the divine How have these affected religions? How have religions affected them? 1. Modernization- globalization, technological advances, urbanization, industrialization, separation of church and state – have all changed the way people interact and thus religions a. Changing roles of Women – women can hold leadership positions where as previously they were not allowed b. Scientific developments – questioning the basis of beliefs or their validity Approaches of Religious Studies Religious studies try to balance the insider-outsider approach (the goldfish inside the fishbowl) o What does it mean to be religious, whats it like – inside o Compare and contrast religions, analysis of religions, etc. – outside With the outsider approach empathy is important o Trying to put yourself in the shoes of the religious person to understand why or how someone could practice a religion 1. Bracketing – not letting our own beliefs influence the ideas of another religion while you study it 2. Comparative – comparing beliefs of religions 3. Multi-Disciplinary- using tools and methods from other disciplines – sociology, anthropology, science, etc. 08/25/16
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