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Public speaking week one notes

by: Zenab Abdelgany

Public speaking week one notes Journ 205

Zenab Abdelgany

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First week notes
Public Speaking
Class Notes
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Popular in Public Speaking

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zenab Abdelgany on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Journ 205 at Rutgers University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Public Speaking in Journalism and Mass Communications at Rutgers University.


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Date Created: 08/31/16
Zenab Abdelgany 3/11/2014 Psychology Current Event Emotional stress linked to the Common Cold This article describes how stress can worsen symptoms of the common cold. Scientists believe  that high levels of stress increase the risk of a virus infection and the appearance of cold  symptoms. There is a large chance that these high levels of stress takes a toll on one’s immune  system and makes it harder to fight off infection or viruses. It’s as if you are attacking you’re  body from the inside out. To attempt to prove this hypothesis scientists in Britain performed a  large experiment. The scientists gathered 420 healthy British adults who have had major stressful events at least a year from that point in time. And a stressful event can be anything from an  increased work load to trouble at home. Many experienced high levels of anger and depression  due to the negative events that occurred in their life, so they were physically healthy but weak in  regards to mental health. They were given a questionnaires so that their self­esteem, feelings of  control over external events, and degrees of extroversion and introversion could be observed. So  after the participants were done being questioned and placed in proper setting of apartments  where they were either alone or had roommates, 394 of them were given a nasal spray that  contained a low dose of one live respiratory virus and the remaining 26 were given simple saline  drops. For two days before and seven days after the participants had to stay in the apartment so  that they could be observed in order for the scientists to try and prove their hypothesis.  Researchers collected nasal­wash samples for six days after they were given drops to search for  cold viruses or virus­ specific antibodies. Clinicians examined the participants to look for simple  cold symptoms such as sneezing, watery eyes, sinus pain, etc. At the end of the experiment 325  participants became infected and 148 developed cold like symptoms. In addition, five of the  participants who received saline acquired colds which is believed to be because they caught it  from their roommates but no one in the saline group developed cold symptoms. Researchers  found that respiratory infection and colds worsened with high stress levels, as noted. Volunteers  who reported having the most psychological stress had twice the risk of getting cold symptoms  and five times the risk being infected by a cold virus in comparison to the lowest­stress group.  Researchers also noted that the link between stress and cold prevented their noted personalities  from showing. This experiment suggests that there is a close relationship between stress and the  suppression of illnesses in regards to the immune system or general disease resistance.  References Emotional Stress Linked to Common Cold B. Bower Science News , Vol. 140, No. 9 (Aug. 31, 1991) , p. 132


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