Anth 1000 Lecture #1
Anth 1000 Lecture #1 ANTH 1000
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Brown on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1000 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Christopher D Berk in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Social Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 08/31/16
Lecture #1: What is Anthropology? (8/18) What is Anthropology? o Historically, non-industrialized people studied in their native area. o Now, examines/studies/observes all societies and cultures. o Provides a unique cross-cultural perspective on human behavior, thought, and culture. o Strives to: Make the familiar strange and make the strange familiar. Contest the "normal" Kottak's definition of anthropology: o "study of the human species and its immediate ancestors" 4 Subfields of Anthropology: o Cultural: study of changes in social life o Archaeological: study of history and prehistory through artifacts o Physical/Biological: study of changes in human physical form o Linguistic: study of the changes and development of language Anthropologists are especially interested in mankind's extreme variations as well as similarities. Definitions: o Society: a body of individuals who live together o Culture: the sum total ways of living built up by a group of human beings and transmitted from one generation to another o Enculturation: the process whereby individuals learn their group's culture, through experience, observation, and instruction. o Socialization: a continuing process whereby an individual acquires a personal identity and learns the norms, values, behavior, and social skills appropriate to his or her social position. Holistic Discipline o Anthropology is the study of "everything" o Studies must be cross-cultural to unlock the truth to human nature Archaeological Anthropology o Reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior/culture through the study of artifacts Biological/Physical Anthropology o Studies human biological diversity in time and space. Human Evolution Genetics Growth and Development Plasticity (the capability of changing) Primates
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