Psychology of Trauma Chapter 1 Notes
Psychology of Trauma Chapter 1 Notes PSYCH 2232
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristyle L. on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 2232 at University of Missouri - St. Louis taught by Brittany Preston in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Trauma in Psychology at University of Missouri - St. Louis.
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Date Created: 08/31/16
Psychology of Trauma Notes Chapter 1: Classification of Stress Response & Prevalence of Trauma Aug 25, 2016 First…A Little history How long have humans been experiencing stress and trauma? When did researchers start to study it and its impact? Late 19 thCentury Freud was the first to attribute hysteria symptoms as “the results of having endured unbearable experiences” Janet-Trauma and personality Recognized that strong affect was result of trauma Even Freud At first… “…a precocious experience of sexual relations…resulting from sexual abuse committed by another person…us the specific cause of hysteria” Charcot, Janet and Freud agreed that hysteria was caused by trauma Changed his focus from actual traumatic experience to aggressive sexual desire World Wars I and II – 1923 Abram Kardiner treated veterans • Observed _____________ • Not poor moral character – WWII – Used hypnosis and “group stress debriefing” • Research increased after WWII – Combat and Concentration camp survivors Henry Krystal o Speaking of concentration camp survivors: “traumatized patients come to experience emotional reactions merely as somatic states, without being able to interpret the meaning of what they are feeling” Civilian Trauma • 1942- Cocoanut Grove Fire – Boston Night Club – 493 dead – Dr. Erich Lindemann • Observed common responses – Parad and Caplan, Crisis Intervention • “Perhaps of greatest importance, the crisis situation awakens unresolved key problems from both the near and distant past” Vietnam • 1955-1975 • After returning, many survivors abused alcohol and drugs, dealt with violent outbursts, or became unemployable or homeless Lifton and Shatan identified 27 common symptoms of traumatic neurosis Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Trauma disorders first appeared in DSM-III o 1980 DSM IV DSM-V Diagnostic Definition A person must experience or witness, or be confronted with an event that involves actual or threatened death, or threat of serious injury or a threat to the wellbeing or self or others Reactions Variety of reactions can result o Short-term (acute rxns) o Long term (chronic)
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