Chapter 1 Book Notes
Chapter 1 Book Notes TH 2190 - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Patchett on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TH 2190 - 01 at Wright State University taught by Matthew P. Benjamin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Stage Lighting I in Theatre at Wright State University.
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Date Created: 08/31/16
Sep. 6, 16 Chapter 1: An Introduction to Designing with Light Dimmer – an electrical device that controls the intensity of a light source connected to it Control board – a console containing controls for a number of dimmers. Also called a control console. Cable – an electrical extension cord used to connect instruments to dimmers or instruments to permanent stage circuits Instruments – lighting fixtures designed for use in the theatre What is visual light? o Something that makes vision possible o The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that stimulates the visual receptors in the eye o The relatively narrow band of the electromagnetic spectrum between infrared light and ultraviolet radiation o Light travels at approximately 186,281 miles per second The manner in which light illuminates an object shapes the viewer’s impression and understanding of what they are seeing Color media – the plastic or glass materials used to color the light emitted by lighting instruments Lighting designer – the person responsible for the appearance of the lighting during the production. They use light to achieve 5 primary goals o To influence the audience’s perception and understanding of what they are seeing o The selectively illuminate the stage o To sculpt, mold, and model actors, settings, and costumes o To create an atmosphere that is supportive of the play’s production concept o To convey the environmental circumstances of the scene – the time of day, atmospheric conditions, as well as the lights (artificial/ natural) that are used to help tell the story Production concept – the creative interpretation of the script that will unify they artistic vision of the production design team The tools of lighting design o Instruments o Dimmers o Color media o So forth The lighting designer uses process to develop an understanding of how the lighting should look for a production and uses craft to re-create those images in an artful manner Questions to ask when observing light o What is the light source illuminating the object you’re viewing? 1 | P a g e Sep. 6, 16 o How bright is the light? Is there more than one source? Is one of the sources brighter than the other(s)? o From what directions is thee light striking the object? What are those directions? Is the light coming from overhead or the side, etc.? o Is the light hard-edged or diffused? o What color is the light? Is it picking up color by being bounced off of something? Distribution o The direction from which the light approaches an area, actor, or object o The shape and size of the area that the light is covering o The quality of the light – cohesiveness o The character of the light – texture Focus – the location onstage where the light from an instrument is directed Intensity o The actual amount of light o Can be controlled with dimmers, varying color, different wattage lamps, dousers Dousers – a mechanical dimmer with movable slats or an iris to block or allow light to pass. Typically used in fixtures with non-dimmable sources such as follow spots and moving light fixtures Movement o The timed duration of a light cue o The movement of onstage lights (candle being carried) o The movement of an offstage light (follow spot or moving light fixture) Light cue – some type of action involving lighting Follow spot – a lighting instrument with a high-intensity, narrow beam of light; mounted on a stand that allows it to tilt and swivel so that the beam can “follow” the actor Moving light fixture – a lighting fixture that can be remotely controlled to move change color/ beam shape, and so forth Color o The judicious use of carefully selected colored light can enhance a scene immeasurably Visibility – one of the real challenges of lighting design is to create selective visibility that subtly directs the audience’s attention to a specific area or location Production design team – the producer, director, and scenic, costume, lighting, and sound designers who develop the visual and aural concept for the production Selective focus – directing the audience’s attention to a specific area of the stage Unit set – a single set in which all they play’s locations are always visible and the audience’s attention is usually shifted by alternately lighting various parts of the set. Modeling – giving or taking shape from an object with the lighting Sidelight – any light striking the side of an object relative to the view of the observer Mood 2 | P a g e Sep. 6, 16 o The difficulty comes in integrating impressive lighting effects with the other elements of the production o Effective stage lighting, even though it greatly affects meaning, is subtle and rarely noticed Kinetic – having to do with movement. In the case of lighting design, having to do with moving light An understanding of the functions and controllable qualities of light will enable the designer to blend and manipulate light with the subtlety and precision necessary to create a lighting design that uniquely enhances the audience’s understanding and appreciation of the production Light can have strong psychological effects if used correctly 3 | P a g e
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