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Chapter 1 Book Notes

by: Lydia Patchett

Chapter 1 Book Notes TH 2190 - 01

Lydia Patchett
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About this Document

These are the notes from the first chapter of the book
Stage Lighting I
Matthew P. Benjamin
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Patchett on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TH 2190 - 01 at Wright State University taught by Matthew P. Benjamin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Stage Lighting I in Theatre at Wright State University.


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Date Created: 08/31/16
Sep. 6, 16 Chapter 1: An Introduction to Designing with Light  Dimmer – an electrical device that controls the intensity of a light source connected to it  Control board – a console containing controls for a number of dimmers. Also called a control console.  Cable – an electrical extension cord used to connect instruments to dimmers or instruments to permanent stage circuits  Instruments – lighting fixtures designed for use in the theatre  What is visual light? o Something that makes vision possible o The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that stimulates the visual receptors in the eye o The relatively narrow band of the electromagnetic spectrum between infrared light and ultraviolet radiation o Light travels at approximately 186,281 miles per second  The manner in which light illuminates an object shapes the viewer’s impression and understanding of what they are seeing  Color media – the plastic or glass materials used to color the light emitted by lighting instruments  Lighting designer – the person responsible for the appearance of the lighting during the production. They use light to achieve 5 primary goals o To influence the audience’s perception and understanding of what they are seeing o The selectively illuminate the stage o To sculpt, mold, and model actors, settings, and costumes o To create an atmosphere that is supportive of the play’s production concept o To convey the environmental circumstances of the scene – the time of day, atmospheric conditions, as well as the lights (artificial/ natural) that are used to help tell the story  Production concept – the creative interpretation of the script that will unify they artistic vision of the production design team  The tools of lighting design o Instruments o Dimmers o Color media o So forth  The lighting designer uses process to develop an understanding of how the lighting should look for a production and uses craft to re-create those images in an artful manner  Questions to ask when observing light o What is the light source illuminating the object you’re viewing? 1 | P a g e Sep. 6, 16 o How bright is the light? Is there more than one source? Is one of the sources brighter than the other(s)? o From what directions is thee light striking the object? What are those directions? Is the light coming from overhead or the side, etc.? o Is the light hard-edged or diffused? o What color is the light? Is it picking up color by being bounced off of something?  Distribution o The direction from which the light approaches an area, actor, or object o The shape and size of the area that the light is covering o The quality of the light – cohesiveness o The character of the light – texture  Focus – the location onstage where the light from an instrument is directed  Intensity o The actual amount of light o Can be controlled with dimmers, varying color, different wattage lamps, dousers  Dousers – a mechanical dimmer with movable slats or an iris to block or allow light to pass. Typically used in fixtures with non-dimmable sources such as follow spots and moving light fixtures  Movement o The timed duration of a light cue o The movement of onstage lights (candle being carried) o The movement of an offstage light (follow spot or moving light fixture)  Light cue – some type of action involving lighting  Follow spot – a lighting instrument with a high-intensity, narrow beam of light; mounted on a stand that allows it to tilt and swivel so that the beam can “follow” the actor  Moving light fixture – a lighting fixture that can be remotely controlled to move change color/ beam shape, and so forth  Color o The judicious use of carefully selected colored light can enhance a scene immeasurably  Visibility – one of the real challenges of lighting design is to create selective visibility that subtly directs the audience’s attention to a specific area or location  Production design team – the producer, director, and scenic, costume, lighting, and sound designers who develop the visual and aural concept for the production  Selective focus – directing the audience’s attention to a specific area of the stage  Unit set – a single set in which all they play’s locations are always visible and the audience’s attention is usually shifted by alternately lighting various parts of the set.  Modeling – giving or taking shape from an object with the lighting  Sidelight – any light striking the side of an object relative to the view of the observer  Mood 2 | P a g e Sep. 6, 16 o The difficulty comes in integrating impressive lighting effects with the other elements of the production o Effective stage lighting, even though it greatly affects meaning, is subtle and rarely noticed  Kinetic – having to do with movement. In the case of lighting design, having to do with moving light  An understanding of the functions and controllable qualities of light will enable the designer to blend and manipulate light with the subtlety and precision necessary to create a lighting design that uniquely enhances the audience’s understanding and appreciation of the production  Light can have strong psychological effects if used correctly 3 | P a g e


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