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Music 100: Chapters 1 and 3

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Music 100: Chapters 1 and 3 Music 100

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These are notes taken in the first week of class. Topics include basic elements of music and introductory definitions
Introduction to Music
Brian Hodges
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 100 at Boise State University taught by Brian Hodges in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.


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Date Created: 08/31/16
Music 100: Chapter 1 – The Fundamentals of Music  All music is based on the balance between tension and resolution  Sounds o Vibrations create sound waves o Frequency = pitch  Low frequency = low pitch  High frequency = high pitch  Musical Staff o Measures  Count time and divide the music into manageable sections o Time Signature  Tells how many beats per measure o Notes and Rests  Whole (whole measure)  Half (half the measure)  Quarter (1/4 of the measure)  Eighth  Sixteenth  Terms o Meter: The whole song  Find in the time signature o Rhythm: What happens in the measure o Melody: The main tune in the song o Syncopation: a note just off the main beat (in between the lines) o Chord: more than one note put together o Scale: sequence of notes in order  Move by whole steps and half steps  Major and minor scales o Interval: the distance between any two notes o Octave: 8 notes apart  A specific type of interval o Conjunct: the notes move up or down step by step o Disjunct: there are large spaces between notes Music: Chapter 3 – Structures of Music  Melody o Main tune of the music o Combines pitch and rhythm together o Divided into Phrases  Often 2, 4, or 8 measures long  Usually correspond to phrases in the lyrics o Cadence  An ending to a phrase or section  Weak: unresolved (like a comma in a sentence)  Strong: finalized (like a period in a sentence) o Motive  Tiny, distinct, recognizable fragment that repeats  Melodic or rhythmic  Functions like a melody  Listening Exercises o When listening, look for  Phrases and cadences  Repetition and contrast  Motives  Balance, form, and high point  Melodic character and emotional quality  Harmony o The accompaniment o Supports or contrasts the melody o The melody is horizontal and the harmony is vertical o Based on a scale of chords  “in the key of…”  Chords o Usually skip a note (the frequencies complement each other) o Stable and unstable chords  Notes 1, 3, and 5 = stable  Notes 2, 4, and 7 = unstable  The Tonic Chord: (1,3,5) is the most stable o Chord Progressions  Certain chords just sound good when put together o Consonance  Notes that sound good together  Creates a feeling of resolution o Dissonance  Notes that do not sound good together  Creates tension  Creates a desire for resolution  Dynamics o Volume  pp pianissimo very quiet  p piano quiet  mp mezzo piano kind of quiet  mf mezzo forte kind of loud  f forte loud  ff fortissimo very loud  Crescendo = gradually get louder  Decrescendo = gradually get softer  Subito Forte = suddenly get loud  Subito Piano = suddenly get soft  Sforzando = sudden accent o Tempo  Grave = very slow  Adagio = slow  Andante = on the slow side  Allegro = fast  Presto = very fast  Metronome tells a specific tempo in beats per minute


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