Music 100: Chapters 1 and 3
Music 100: Chapters 1 and 3 Music 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 100 at Boise State University taught by Brian Hodges in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.
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Date Created: 08/31/16
Music 100: Chapter 1 – The Fundamentals of Music All music is based on the balance between tension and resolution Sounds o Vibrations create sound waves o Frequency = pitch Low frequency = low pitch High frequency = high pitch Musical Staff o Measures Count time and divide the music into manageable sections o Time Signature Tells how many beats per measure o Notes and Rests Whole (whole measure) Half (half the measure) Quarter (1/4 of the measure) Eighth Sixteenth Terms o Meter: The whole song Find in the time signature o Rhythm: What happens in the measure o Melody: The main tune in the song o Syncopation: a note just off the main beat (in between the lines) o Chord: more than one note put together o Scale: sequence of notes in order Move by whole steps and half steps Major and minor scales o Interval: the distance between any two notes o Octave: 8 notes apart A specific type of interval o Conjunct: the notes move up or down step by step o Disjunct: there are large spaces between notes Music: Chapter 3 – Structures of Music Melody o Main tune of the music o Combines pitch and rhythm together o Divided into Phrases Often 2, 4, or 8 measures long Usually correspond to phrases in the lyrics o Cadence An ending to a phrase or section Weak: unresolved (like a comma in a sentence) Strong: finalized (like a period in a sentence) o Motive Tiny, distinct, recognizable fragment that repeats Melodic or rhythmic Functions like a melody Listening Exercises o When listening, look for Phrases and cadences Repetition and contrast Motives Balance, form, and high point Melodic character and emotional quality Harmony o The accompaniment o Supports or contrasts the melody o The melody is horizontal and the harmony is vertical o Based on a scale of chords “in the key of…” Chords o Usually skip a note (the frequencies complement each other) o Stable and unstable chords Notes 1, 3, and 5 = stable Notes 2, 4, and 7 = unstable The Tonic Chord: (1,3,5) is the most stable o Chord Progressions Certain chords just sound good when put together o Consonance Notes that sound good together Creates a feeling of resolution o Dissonance Notes that do not sound good together Creates tension Creates a desire for resolution Dynamics o Volume pp pianissimo very quiet p piano quiet mp mezzo piano kind of quiet mf mezzo forte kind of loud f forte loud ff fortissimo very loud Crescendo = gradually get louder Decrescendo = gradually get softer Subito Forte = suddenly get loud Subito Piano = suddenly get soft Sforzando = sudden accent o Tempo Grave = very slow Adagio = slow Andante = on the slow side Allegro = fast Presto = very fast Metronome tells a specific tempo in beats per minute
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