HY 103 week 2 notes
HY 103 week 2 notes HY 103
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Conner Jones on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 103 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Sharony Green in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see American Civilization to 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 08/31/16
HY 103 week 2 notes August 29, 2016 Five “civilized” indigenous nations by the 19 century Cherokee Choctaw Muscogee (creek) Chickasaw Seminole John Rolfe John Rolfe was an English settler that is credited with being the first person to cultivate tobacco in the new world. It became a huge cash crop Key question: what were the main reasons that Europeans colonized the Americas? Look for new routes to India, search for wealth like gold, spread Christianity, and expand their empire th Spain had the largest empire in the 15 century, their influence could be seen around the world except Australia and Antarctica Spain’s goals: o Create wealth o Spread Christianity Smallpox Smallpox affects Mesoamerican and Caribbean indigenous people Key terms: Hernan Cortes – Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered a lot of present day Mexico o Conquistador – military men who help the explorer and risks their life for a cut of what the explorer finds Hernando de Soto – Spanish explorer who discovered much of the south (Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, etc.) o Francisco Vasquez de Coronado was a member of de Soto’s party, he realizes there was not as much gold as the Spanish originally thought Samuel de Champlain – a French explorer and cartographer, first person from France to discover the new world, his journey took him to much of Canada (from Quebec and Ontario to Toronto, and also in South Carolina) 3 differences between Spanish and French settlements Germs muted by Canadian cold winters so French don’t get sick as often Spanish needed Indians primarily as brute labor while French waned them as trading partners, so French had friendlier relations to indigenous people Spanish conquest usually legitimated only after the fact by the government while French was sponsored by government Reformation – begins when Martin Luther, a German monk, creates stir after outlines the corruption he sees in the catholic church August 31, 2016 Our national anthem Written by Francis Scott Key Key question: what motivated the English to settle in the Americas? There was religious and social turmoil but both were trumped by the lure of riches Chronology: 1492 – Columbus arrives 1607 – Jamestown founded by English o named after James 1 of England key terms: Virginia company – joint stock company (company empowered by the crown to start own company) created by king James to establish a colonial settlement Indentured servants – A person under contract to work for another person for a definite period of time, usually without pay but in exchange for free passage to a new country, had very little freedom, basically slaves; abuse was common including raping of women