Philosophy 121 PHIL 112 07
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PHIL 112 07
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Casey Shore on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 112 07 at Radford University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction: Ethics and Society in Philosophy at Radford University.
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Date Created: 08/31/16
Philosophy 121 8/31/2016 Ethics is the study of what is right and wrong. Descriptive ethics is the study of what individuals or groups of people believe. Normative Ethics is the study of what is normal. What is normal? It depends on the rules of society for that particular country or “group”. Philosophy is the love of wisdom. In Greek “Philo” means love and “Sophy” means wisdom. Understanding the fundamental nature and relationships of things (beliefs, god, moral, and existence). Conceptual analysis and formal argufies. Why do this? 1) Ethical indispensability. 2) We undermine our autonomy and rationality by not seriously considering our beliefs. 3) Increased risk of mistaken or confused views without critical communication. 4) Risk of not being able to defend your views. Elements of Ethics: 1) The preeminence of reason - appealing to evidence or your beliefs. 2) Universal Perspective - views of others. Principles of Universalizability: the idea that a moral statement should apply in all relevant similar situations. 3) The Principle of Impartiality – everyone should be considered morally equal depending on what is considered equal in your society. 4) The dominance of moral norms: norms – Are rules for everyday conducts, Different types of norms depends on what you find normal.
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