Book Notes Chapter 6
Book Notes Chapter 6 SOC 2110
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Date Created: 08/31/16
Chapter 6 Social Groups and Organizations Book Notes Pages 125-138 The Nature of Groups Social groups- number of people who have common identity, some feelings of unity and certain common goals and shared norms. o Have the following characteristics: Permanence beyond the meetings of members, this is even if when members are dispersed Means for identifying member Mechanism for recruiting new members Goals or purposes Social statuses and roles that if norm behavior Means for controlling members behaviors. Social aggregate- happens to be people who temporarily happens to be in close proximity of each other but does not share anything else. o Ex) Passengers on a bus Primary groups involve interactions who have an emotional investment in one another intimately and who interacts as a total individuals rather than thru specialized roles. o Families Secondary group- is characterized by much less intimacy among its members its usually has specific goals, its formally organized and is impersonal. o Employees Functions of a group: Define Boundaries-way of knowing who belongs in the grp or not o Language gestures, symbols uniforms etc. Choose leaders o Leader- is someone who occupies a central role a position of dominance and influence in the group. o Instrumental leadership- leaders who actively proposes task and plans to guide the grp towards achievement o Expressive leaderships- leader works to keep relations among grp members harmonious and moral high. Make decisions- consensus talking about it until agree what to do. takes a lot time so they vote or one person makes the decision as a whole Sets goals- purpose (self-explanatory) Assign tasks- help grp reach goal in teamwork Control members behaviors- grps cease to exists w/o it. *One bad apple can spoil the whole group* Reference groups- group or social category that an individual uses to help define beliefs attitudes and ideas, and values that help guides behavior. o Positive (composed of people who we want to emulate) and Negative Small grps, refers to may kinds of socials grps and wrk grups that meet together and contain few enough members so that all member know one another o Dyad- 2 people o Triad- 3 people Subgroups- splinter grps within larger grps. Associations are larges and formally organized groups whose purposefully created special-interest grps that have clearly been defined goals and official ways of doings things. o Organized through bureaucracy.(Formal) o Informal structures is bending of the rules to get main structure done. Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft Gemeinschaft rural (community) – relationships are intimate, cooperative, and personal. Gesellschaft urban (large impersonal structures) relationships are impersonal and independent. o People look out for themselves Mechanical and organic Solidarity Durkheim every society has an collective conscience—a system of fundamental beliefs and values o Characteristics of a good society Social solidarity—emerges from ppls commitment and conformity to the society’s collective conscience. Mechanically integrated society- society’s collective conscience is strong and there is a great commitment to that collective conscience. Organically integrated society, social solidarity depends on the cooperation of individuals in many positions who perform specialized tasks. Bureaucracy Bureaucracy- a formal rationally organized social structure with clearly defined patterns of activity in which ideally every series of actions is functionally related to purposes of organizations. Weber’s ideal types, is a simplified exaggerated model of reality used to illustrate a concept. He identified 6 Concepts o A clear cut division of labor o Hierarchical delegation of power and responsibilities o Rules and regulations o Impartiality o Employment based of technical qualifications o Distinction btwn public and private spheres Oligarchy under which organizations that were originally idealistic and democratic eventally came to be dominated by a small serving group of people who achieved positions of power and responsibilities. (Michels) the two don’t mix Intuitions and Social Organization *Diverse Group Of People Can Do A Better Job Of Solving A Problem Than A Group Of Experts.* Social institutions—the ordered social relationships that grow out of values, norms, statues, and roles that organize the activities that fulfill society fundamentals needs. Social organization consist of relatable stable pattern of social relationships among individuals and groups in society.
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