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Theatre Appreciation, Week 1 Notes

by: Alexandra Beck

Theatre Appreciation, Week 1 Notes THE1000

Marketplace > Palm Beach State College > THE1000 > Theatre Appreciation Week 1 Notes
Alexandra Beck
Palm Beach State College
GPA 4.0
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About this Document

Lecture: 8/23 & 8/25 Material: Chapter 11- Greek Theatre
Theatre Appreciation
Betty Gray
Class Notes
theatre, Theatre 101, intro to theatre, greektheatre




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Beck on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THE1000 at Palm Beach State College taught by Betty Gray in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.

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Date Created: 08/31/16
8/23-8/25 Theatre Appreciation- Week 1 Notes Highlight = Important People Highlight = Important Concept Highlight = Key Term Origins of Theatre - The origin of theatre came from religious rituals that occurred in ancient Greece. - Theatrical components were made of a combination of: - Rituals - Religious ceremony - Storytelling - Religion and Theatre both have: - Audience - Performance - Script Greece - Fifth-century B.C.E. Greece is now known as the Golden Age of Greece. - Athens- birthplace of democracy. - Greek sculptures from this period are in museums around the world. - Parthenon- temple that sits atop the Acropolis in Athens remains a model for architects. - Greek theatre was closely incorporated with Greek religion. - Based on worship of a group of gods. - Performed in honor of Dionysus. - Dionysus- god of wine, fertility, and revelry. - Most Historians believe Greek drama originated out of a chorus. - Chorus: Performers who sang and danced in ancient Greek drama. - Thespis- transformed songs from the chorus into a drama in the sixth- century B.C.E. by leaving the chorus and becoming an actor. - Thespian- performer. - City Dionysia- the most important Greek festival in honor of the god Dionysus. - This first festival to include drama. - This festival performed 2 dramas: 3 days of tragedy and 5 of comedy. - Satyr play- satiric versions of Greek history and mythology. - Featured a chorus of half men and half goats, known as satyrs. - Officials of the city-state chose the plays and would appoint a choragus. - Choregus- (like a modern day producer) a wealthy person who funded playwrights at ancient Greek dramatic festivals. - The playwrights functioned as directors. - Most Greek plays were written based on myths. - Myths often show a human relationship and its problems and opportunities that life presents them. - Myths- story or legend handed down from generation to generation. - The most admired forms of drama at Greek festivals were tragedy. - Tragedy- a serious drama in which there is a downfall of the primary character. th - Only 31 of 900 tragedies survived from Athens in the 5 century B.C.E. - Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides wrote all 31 tragedies. - Aeschylus - First important Greek dramatist. - 2 actors playing several parts using different masks. - Dealt with noble families and arrogant themes. - Praised for lyric poetry, dramatic structure, and intellectual content. - “Master of Trilogies”. - Trilogy- 3 tragedies that make up a single unit. - Oresteia- most popular of his tragedies. - Sophocles - Made his drama based on the form that Aeschylus begun. - His dramas consisted of 3 actors who played several parts - Practiced dramatic construction - Introduced characters and information building up to a climax. - King Oedipus-one of his best works - Euripides - The most “modern” of the 3. - Sympathetic portrayal of female characters. - Increased realism. - Mixture of tragedy with melodrama and comedy. - Skeptical treatment of the gods. - Aristophanes wrote the only surviving old comedies. - Old Comedy- Classical Greek comedy - Makes fun at social, political, or cultural situations. - Lysistrata - One of his best comedies. - Don’t have climatic structure. - 2 scenes: Debate (agon) and choral section (parabasis). - Agon- Classical Greek Old Comedy, a scene with a debate between the two opposing forces in a play. - Parabasis- scene in classical Greek Old Comedy in which the chorus directly addresses the audience members and makes fun of them - The first dramatic criticism made was called The Poetics - The Poetics - The single most important piece of dramatic criticism in existence. - Author: Aristotle. - 6 elements of Drama - Plot - Character - Theme - Language - Music - Spectacle - The Greek theatre production allowed the dramas performed to reach their full potential in amphitheaters. - Amphitheatre- Large oval/circular outdoor theatre with rising tiers of seats around an open playing area; large indoor auditorium. - Cut out of the side of a hill. - Held 15,000-17,000 people. - Orchestra- a circular playing space in ancient Greek theatres (stage) - Parodos- The entrance and exit on each side of the orchestra. - Theatron- where the audience sat. - Skene- Basic backdrop


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