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ENGL 2444 Mythology Week 21a notes - 8/29/16

by: Jake Notetaker

ENGL 2444 Mythology Week 21a notes - 8/29/16 ENGL 2444

Marketplace > Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University > ENGLISH (ENG) > ENGL 2444 > ENGL 2444 Mythology Week 21a notes 8 29 16
Jake Notetaker
Virginia Tech

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Notes taken in class on August 29th covering the general concepts of myths of creation
Greek and Roman Mythology
C. Steer
Class Notes
Greek Mythology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jake Notetaker on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2444 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by C. Steer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Greek and Roman Mythology in ENGLISH (ENG) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

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Date Created: 08/31/16
Myths Of Creation – 8/29/16 One of the Foremost types of Myth is Creation Myth Hesiod (c.a. 700 BC)  Wrote Theogeny and Works & Days  Theogeny is the earliest recorded version of the Greek creation myths Theogeny and the Muses  Theogeny opens Hesiod by praising the muses o This is typical at the time  Muses were goddesses which inspired all art o Muses were daughters of Zeus  Invocation of the Muses is one of many instances of religion and daily life converging Works & Days  Mostly about farming and Hesiod's life  His father migrated from Asia Minor to Helicon where Hesiod wrote his books Ovid (43-17 BC)  Wrote Metamorphoses and the Fatsi  Ovid was a roman who lived hundreds of years after Hesiod  He provides the Roman view of the origins of the world, of gods and men in Metamorphoses  Metamorphoses was partially propaganda for Augustus Cesar  Wrote a lot about sex and picking up men/women Homeric Hymns  Collection of 33 hymns that praise the gods, earliest of which was written ~600 BC  Not written by Homer  Provides more information about the origins of the Gods  Called Homeric b/c 1. They use the same epic meter (dactylic hexameter) as the Iliad and the Odyssey 2. They use many similar formulas as the epis (laughter-loving Aphrodite, grey-eyed Athena, etc.) 3. They are written in the same dialect as The Iliad and The Odyssey Homer  In ancient Greece, the Greeks and Romans believed the Iliad, the Odyssey, and the Homeric Hymns were all written by the same person Herodotus (485-425 BC)  Author of The Histories Three Important Playwrights  Aeschylus (535-455 BC)  Sophocles (497-406 BC)  Euripides (480-406 BC) Chaos  Before all there was Chaos (void)  Gaea appeared out of chaos  Then came the underworld  Eros, God of sexual love, was one of first immortals o Can't have children/make more immortals without sex  Erebus (gloomiest part of Tartarus) and Night came from Chaos Gaea  From Gaea, Uranus was born  Gaea and Uranus joined and had children, producing the Titans (including Oceanus) Titans  The generation of immortals before the Olympians  Born from Gaea and Uranus  Twelve Titans o Oceanus, Coues, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, etc o Had similar roles/jobs as the Olympians Cyclopes  Essentially siblings of te Titans Fertility Goddesses  Worship of female fertility goddesses were widespread and diverse among primitive people The Sacred Marriage  The union of the sky god and earth Goddess o Such as that between Uranus and Gaea Titans Produced Many Offspring  Three thousand daughters and three thousand sons  Oceanids  Hyperion - God of the sun  Helios - Sun God  Phaethon o Son of Helios and Clymene o Asked his father if he could drive the Chariot of the Sun o His father says that’s a bad idea because Phaethon is not strong enough to control it o He flew too close to the earth, burning it and creating Desert  Selene - Moon Goddess o Had her chariot also o Had a mortal love (Endymion)  Selene is similar to Artemis, Helios is similar to Apollo  Eos - Goddess of the Dawn - Sister to Helios and Selene Uranus, father of titans, Was a Bad Dad  Uranus hated his children  He could not kill them (they are immortal)  He buried them in the earth (body of Gaea)  Cronus uses a jagged sickle (given to him by his mother) to castrate Uranus o He threw the discarded part into the sea which created sea foam o Out of the sea foam came Aphrodite Cronus (sky) and Rhea (earth) Gave birth to Zeus and other Olympians  Cronus also hated his children o Every time he had a child, he ate it  Rhea once gave Cronus a rock to eat instead of the baby o Zeus grew up on Mount Dicte (some say that Zeus was born near Olympia, on Mount Lycaeum) o Fed by bees and the milk of a goat named Analthea Zeus and the Greek Personality  Zeus seems to represent the Greek personality  Worship of the Olympians is not personal o One makes agreements with Gods, but does not seek unity or intimacy with them Terms to Know  Etiology - Describes the origins of things  Oedipus Theory - Freud's theory about a child and his parents  Dualities - binary opposites (life/death)  Often a local female divinity is overcome by a stronger male divinity


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