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Lecture Notes for 08/29/2016

by: Ian Layden

Lecture Notes for 08/29/2016 PSCI 3500

Marketplace > University of North Texas > Political Science > PSCI 3500 > Lecture Notes for 08 29 2016
Ian Layden
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These are some notes from the slides and Dr. Mason's Lecture. Please feel free to download, leave your feedback, and use these notes to help get a different perspective on the class. Thanks, Ia...
Intro to Peace Studies
Dr. David Mason
Class Notes
Politics, Human, Security, Peace, Studies, Science, Diplomacy, War, Conflict, International, relations




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ian Layden on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 3500 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. David Mason in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Intro to Peace Studies in Political Science at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 08/31/16
Monday, August 29th, 2016 Introduction to Peace Studies: Lecture Notes I. Types of War. - 1. Interstate War: Wars between 2 or more sovereign nation state. [ex. The United States and it’s allies invasion of Iraq in 2004.] - 2. Civil War: Wars in which a single nation state battles an organized and armed non- state sponsored group within its own territory. - a. Rebel Goals: Revolution v. Succession • Revolution: “4. a complete change; 5. overthrow of a government, social system, etc.” • Succession: “1. a) the act of succeeding another, as to an office b) the right to do this; 2. a number of persons or things coming one after another.” (“Webster’s New Dictionary” 553.) - b. Rebel Support Base: Ethnic v. Ideological - Violence in a civil war has to be organized and sustained in order for it to qualify as such. - The majority of loss of life in a civil war is that of civilians. - Forces must be attempting to seize power from the governing body in control. - 3. Extra-Systemic War: Anti-Colonial wars, meaning the efforts of a group within a satellite of a “mother country” attempting to succeed and gain independence. - The conflict is typically not taking place in the “mother country”. - These variety of conflict are virtually non-existent in the 21st century. II. Patterns of Armed Conflict in the World Sphere Since 1945. - 1. Civil Wars have become the norm in the late-20th and early-21st Centuries. - They are far more deadly as well over interstate wars. - 2. Most modern conflicts today occur in third-world countries. - 3. Civil Wars occur and then typically they re-occur. 1 Monday, August 29th, 2016 III. Ideas to Take Away From Lecture. - Resources should be put into preventing the reoccurrence of war, NOT into the futile attempt to prevent all kinds of war. - Starting in the mid-1990s, on-going wars in any given year have started to decline - What explains the decline in the number of on-going wars? (Human Security Brief). 2


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