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Admin. and Management in Criminal Justice

by: Molly Notetaker

Admin. and Management in Criminal Justice 4300

Marketplace > East Carolina University > Criminal Justice > 4300 > Admin and Management in Criminal Justice
Molly Notetaker
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About this Document

Class 8-31-2016
Scott Walfield
Class Notes
Management in Criminal Justice, Criminal, Justice, Criminal Justice




Popular in Criminal Justice ADMINISTRATION & MANAGEMENT

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Notetaker on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 4300 at East Carolina University taught by Scott Walfield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Criminal Justice ADMINISTRATION & MANAGEMENT in Criminal Justice at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 08/31/16
● Organizational Theory: “A way to examine and analyze organizations...based on patterns  and trends in organizational design and behavior  ○ Models of organizations  ■ Closed systems  ■ Open systems  ● Closed­System Models  ○ External environment is stable and predictable and does not present problems for  the organizations  ○ Same reactions to situations every week, ‘every situations is the same’  ○ Org. sealed off from the outside  ○ Emphasis efficient management  ○ Classical Perspectives  ■ Scientific management  ● Father: Frederick Taylor  ● Focused on:  ○ Task performance  ■ Correct way to do everything  ■ Scientific study of tasks especially though time  motions studies  ● Role of managers  ○ Develop the procedures  ○ Assign tasks  ○ Train works in standard procedures  ○ Supervision  ○ Motivation  ● Supervision  ○ Experts in certain areas, not authorized in areas that they do  not know well  ● Motivations  ○ Monetary incentives  ○ Piecemeal pay: standard wages for standard output; more  pay for exceeding standard output  ● Criticisms  ○ Not everyone reacts the same to each situation, not every  situations is exactly the same  ○ Faulty assumptions about workers  ○ Workers ignored for all but physical labor  ■ Admin. Management  ● Linked to Henri Fayol (French)  ​ ● 14 Principles of Management: Division of work, authority,  discipline, unity of command, unity of directions, subordination of  individual interest to the general interest, remuneration of  personnel, centralization, scalar chain, order, equity, stability of  personnel tenure, initiative, espirit de corps  ■ Bureaucratic management   ● Max Weber  ● Addresses the organization as a whole ­­­ the intersection of  workers and managers  ● 5 major components of bureaucratic management  ○ Impersonal social relations ​(with inmates and each other)  ○ Employee selection and promotion ​(picked based on skills  not who you know)  ○ Hierarchy of authority and spheres of competence ​(the  position the self should have the power not the individual)   ○ System of rules and procedures  ○ Task specialization ​(divide work into individual tasks to  increase specialization and efficiency)  ● Benefits  ○ Match right person to the correct job (everyone is better at  different things)  ○ Duplication of work is eliminated  ○ Career occupations with rewards earned from successful  performance  ○ Efficiency as organizations has well qualified managers  and experts and certain tasks  ● Cons.  ○ Lacks humanistic approach (called the machine)  ○ Limits communications due to hierarchy   ○ May lead to departmentalization mentality  ○    


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