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Basic Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology? Lecture Notes- Professor Alison Meloni

by: Imani Brown

Basic Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology? Lecture Notes- Professor Alison Meloni

Marketplace > Camden County College > > Basic Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology Lecture Notes Professor Alison Meloni
Imani Brown

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Chapter 1 What is Psychology? Lecture Notes based on McGraw-Hill Basic Psychology PowerPoints. Most important information is highlighted in yellow for easy reading. Highlighting also helps for futu...
Basic Psychology
Alison Meloni
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology, #camdencountycollege, #lecturenotes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Imani Brown on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Camden County College taught by Alison Meloni in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 194 views.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Basic Psychology Notes Chapter 1: What is Psychology? (Definitions and Key Terms are highlighted; Definitions-Yellow and Key Terms- Turquoise) Definition of Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes. A. A Little Background Info  Scientific- Systematic methods  Behavior- Actions that are observed  Mental Process- An individual’s thoughts, motives, and feelings The Science Behind Psychology 1) Critical Thinking 2) Skepticism- A sign of curiosity and contributes to the scientific attitude. 3) Objectivity 4) Curiosity Psychology- A General Science  Not limited to Psychological Disorders  Positive Psychology  Emphasize human strengths History of Psychology  Western Philosophy  Biology and Physiology  Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)  Established the 1 psychology lab in 1879; founded the concept of Structialsim  Wundt’s Structuralism: Structures of the mind; introspection (Systematic, detailed self report)  William James (1842-1910)  Founder of the concept functionalism  James Functionalism- Functions/purposes of the mind; the mind’s interactions with outside world; stream of consciousness  Main Question: Why is human thought adaptive?  Charles Darwin (1809-1882)  Written 1859 Origin of Species  Psychology and Evolution  Natural Selection: Competition for resources; Genetic characters that promote reproduction and survival; Environmental changes after course of evolution Biological Approach  Emphasizes the observable behavior responses and how the environment influences it (key term: environmental determinants)  Neuroscience: Study of the nervous system  Structures, function, development, genetics, biochemistry  Most notable behaviorists: Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, and B.F. Skinner Psychodynamic Approach  Founded by Sigmund Freud  Emphasizes unconscious thoughts, family and early childhood experiences; conflict between biological drives and society’s demands Humanistic Approach  Emphasizes positive human qualities and potential; believes in the power of free will  Notable Humanists Theorists: Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow Cognitive Approach  Mental processes that involves knowing  Questions involved in Information Processing: How humans interpret incoming info, weigh it, store it, and apply it? Evolutionary Approach  Emphasizes how human behavior involves  Explanations of Human Behavior: adaptation, reproduction, natural selection  Notable Evolutionary Psychologist: David Buss Sociocultural Approach  Emphasizes human interaction between ethnic and cultural groups within and across countries Careers in Psychology  Practice/Applied  Research  Teaching


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