New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

World Civilization II- Unit One: The Middle Ages- Professor Nora Todd

by: Imani Brown

World Civilization II- Unit One: The Middle Ages- Professor Nora Todd

Marketplace > Camden County College > History > > World Civilization II Unit One The Middle Ages Professor Nora Todd
Imani Brown

GPA 3.7
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for World Civilization II

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive World Civilization II notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

World Civilization II Unit One, The Middle Ages Lecture Notes. Each topic are subtitles with the information outlined. The subtitles with the most important information is highlighted in yellow inc...
World Civilization II
Nora Todd
Class Notes
#worldcivlization, history, middle ages




Popular in World Civilization II

Popular in History

This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Imani Brown on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Camden County College taught by Nora Todd in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 191 views. For similar materials see World Civilization II in History at Camden County College.


Reviews for World Civilization II- Unit One: The Middle Ages- Professor Nora Todd


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/01/16
World Civilization II Unit One: The Middle Ages Part 1 (Subtitles with the most important information is highlighted in yellow ) The Collapse of the Roman Empire Causes  Julius Caesar’s death  Military declined; less disciplined after Caesar’s death  Standards became low; pride diminished  Bad taxation- Poor was too poor to pay for taxes, so the burden of taxes ends up on the middle class; borrowing came about because of broke economy  Natural disasters Affects  Germanic (Teutonic)- Predators learned of Rome’s weakness and took advantage of the circumstances; attacked the empire  Men of Respect (Claim territory)  Monarchial- Bloodline based; royal family  Boronial- Education; money; leadership based  No leader for Rome: Boronials begin to take charge and rebuild; feudalism begins Feudalism Structure of System  Manors- Small town villages people lived in; each manor had its own Lord (boss/man in charge)  Offers people a place to live  Offers food  Offers protection  Vassals- 1% of population; group that the Lord of the Manor interacts with  Knights- 10% of population of manor  Each knight has a vassal they interact with  Supervise peasants  Peasants- Rest of population; laborers & workers; interacts with the knight  Order of Manor 1) Lord 2) Vassals 3) Knights 4) Peasants Families/Clothing/Food/Work Occupational Specialties  All manors had  Crops  Livestock  Transportation and labor  Bungalows (homes for peasants)  Castle (home for Lord & his family)  Smith shop  Church (Roman Catholic)  Kept discipline and order; life and society revolved around the church  Cemetery (funeral masses)  Places for occupation  Weaving shop  Seamstress  Tanning  Carpenter  Tailor (Created jobs in the manor)  Battle of the Sexes  Boys  10 years old- Start work; take on their father’s job for 2 years  12 years old- Speak with the knight; able to change jobs if they want  Have to work at job for 6 months to adjust (no limit on changes)  Girls  12 years old- Begin work; don’t work with their mothers (girls and moms didn’t get along)  First job- Laundry (3 buildings); don’t work in the buildings at first; delivered and picked up laundry in the morning during the break of dawn  Picked up each manor’s laundry on each day (based on Julian calendar)  Building #1 (13 years)- Sorting and soaking  Building #2 (15 years & up)- Rinse and dry clothes (had fire pit; cold water for rinsing)  Building #3 (14 years)- Ironing and folding; re- bagging [Fun fact: Green color on iron= heat for ironing]  Second job- Cookhouse; move to the cookhouse at 15 if they wanted to go  Stay there until 18; obligated to noon meal (cookhouse didn’t provide lunch); breakfast and dinner served at home  15 years old- Delivered meals to assigned portion of manor; collect trash  16 years old- Assistant /prep girl to cook; clean- up  17 years old- Cook; prepared meals with team  18 years old- Stayed if they liked it or went to the laundry if they wanted; started crops/labor work and seamstress (if they had the skills); Majority went into crops for family reasons  Fun Fact- People didn’t have last names until after the Roman Empire; last name was based on family crest and developed based on jobs (i.e. If father was a blacksmith, family last name will be Smith; if family crest was west, last name will be West)  Julian Calendar (Life during Medieval Times)  Mon./Tues./Thurs./Fri.- Worked sun up to sun down  Wed.- Worked sun up to noon; no work for the rest of the day; everyone went to the market (no money involved; people bartered to get things and food)  Each manor had a market and small manors went to a market that served other manors  There was no money; people bartered and trade; family assumed debt of dead love ones  Sunday: AM (Daybreak)- Church (Mass) from 6 am- 12 noon  Noon- Picnic/Lunch (If weather was bad, the picnic was in the church hall; if they weather was nice, it was outside); some took naps  Sunset- Potluck/Social dinner (Children and adults were separate from teens) Teens that liked each other; consulted their parents  Saturday: Only one person in home; knights and watchtower men worked; moms of the household report to knights for various reasons (clothes, job shifts, debt, weekly rations [food])  Weekly rations (per household) included: 3 lbs. of meat for man; 2 lbs. of meat for women; 1 lb. of meat per child; 5 lbs. of flour; 1 lb. of tea leaves; 1 lb. of sugar, 1 gal. of milk for child & ½ per adult; 14 eggs for man; 7 per woman/child  Knights reported to other knights to solve problems; rest day for home World Civilization II Unit One: The Middle Ages Part 2 (Subtitles with the most important information is highlighted in yellow ) Hierarchy in Medieval Society  Clothes & colors reflect hierarchy in society  Farmers/Agriculture: brown & grays; boots  Indoor worker: cream-colors (tan, baige)  Cookhouse: white  Laundry house: Light, thin-cottoned clothing  Knights/Vassals: Black/Brown; velvet; decorations depend on job and colors depend on skills; dressed up  Clergy: Black with white collar (priest)  The process of becoming a knight 1) Knights determine whether the boy were “knight-material”; knight talk to boy’s father if they felt they would fit  If father said “yes”; boy was removed from job and began training in horsemanship 2) If mastered horsemanship, trained for lance at 12 years old; learned hand to hand combat w/ 15-year-old (fencing, swords fighting); removed if failed to 6 times  Chivalry was an important part of knighthood and vassal training; became worthy and rules that involve interaction b/w men and women 3) 13 yrs. – Fit for amour 4) 14 yrs. – Intensive education for a year (math, reading, writing, chivalry) 5) 15 yrs. – Trained in supervisory duty (lot of boys failed because of poor management skills) 6) 16 yrs.- Sent to castle; jobs vary; earned “Squire” title; Knight is assigned for mentorship 7) 17 yrs.- Knighted on birthday; knelt down to Lord while he taps on both shoulders; vassal selected knight  Process for becoming a vassal 1) Had to be a knight and serve for 8 years 2) Training began at 25 years; not a vassal until 30 years 3) Qualifications: Leadership, management skills, intelligence, well- liked 4) Vassal is for life Towns and Trade  Culture of townspeople  Poetry was born; romantic (mostly men learned); Men believed all women were attractive in various degrees  Chivalry: Women were to be pleasant; men should stand up when women walk in the room  Men should take off their hat in presence of women  Never call a lady by her first name unless she wants you to  Towns  Began to sprung up around the markets; had borders (body of water, mountain ranges, forest)  Peddlers- Men who sold items; but were not stationary; on- spot bartering/ trade; traveled from town to town th  12 Century- Peak of Middle Ages  Successful peddlers established permanent shops (first merchant shops)  Manors began to shrank; lasted for 3-4 generations  People who wanted to leave the manor to move to town had to speak with knight; knight then goes to vassal then the vassal goes to the Lord  Vassal tells Lord number of people leaving, ages, gender, and how many generations family’s been on the manor; this determines value of Manor investment for gold family received  People who left brought a horse and wagon from Lord to travel to town  Shops sold food, clothing, shoes (cobber stores); people rent houses to live (beginning of landlords); houses included units with 2 rooms; no plumbing or kitchen facility  Most of the gold was spent on food and living expenses; people regret leaving the manor but they had to buy their way back in (lot of people couldn’t go back b/c they spent up their gold)  Beginning of Trade Society  Once gold ran out, people began trading; trade society is established  Shipping industry grows; most sailors were young men (15 years and older; unmarried; some sailors left ship for a girl they liked (intermingling with other cultures begin)  Crime increased in towns; cutpurses and thieves  Two Main Countries for trade: Europe and China  China- Insular Country (not welcoming); Huang River (Utilitarian); Yangtze River (Transportation); Pacific Ocean  Europe- Towns expanded; many traders, shippers, and importing/exporting  Charter  VAT (taxes)  Guilds; banking; accounting  Usury  If anyone wanted to do business, sell, and trade, they had to open a charter (a permit); people had to pay a fee for charter  They had to discuss proposal of selling to town officials  Charters had town laws; jobs were created and towns paid for them  Obligated to pay taxes (The lower the value, the lower the taxes; the higher the value, the higher the taxes)  China and Europe  Europeans use sell to get to the Chinese; used shoes  Italian man named Marco Polo illegally trespassed over to China & brought back linens and wood  Became Chinese emperor’s guest; conducts trading and gives Polo recipe for pasta; Polo takes it back to Europe  Europeans hated the taste; Polo says they can do so much with it and makes suggestions; pasta becomes popular overnight  Polo charged nice amount; became richest man in Europe and only one traded with China  Guild- Protection Union  Group of men who served as a committee to ensure quality of products; quantity of choices; pricing (monopoly)  Complaints were investigated by inspectors; inspectors ensured treatment of customers  Gave chances to work it out; if it didn’t work out, it goes to committee hearing  Committee hearing reaches agreement  Working Capital  People who had no money to start a business met with banker to get a loan  Took 12 payments to pay back money; $1,000 per month ($12,000 in interest)  After 3 years, business owners had to give 10% of business to banker (only if business was successful)  Accounting- Kept track with banking  Fun Fact: First bankers were descendants of Hebrew slaves (Jewish people); Scottish people were known for being cheap; and Irish people were known for drinking  Apprenticeship  Offered to keep job flow  No pay; only for boys; boys started at 7 years old (moved in shop with other boys)  Gain experience  Room & board provided; fed 2 ½ meals a day included a full supper, 1 meal was chosen between breakfast or lunch  Boys worked 6 days out of week and went home on the 7 th  12 years old- Boys been apprentice for 5 years now; they had a choice to stay and get ½ pay with room and board or leave and get full pay with no room and board  17 years old- Been 10 years of apprenticeship; earned title as journeyman (a credential); can leave and get another job  27 years old- Named a Master craftsman; can open up their own shop or work somewhere else World Civilization II Unit One: The Middle Ages Part 3 (Subtitles with the most important information is highlighted in yellow ) The Power of the Church  Church  Begin to appear in town; mandated 10% of income (people gave money to church; tithes)  People had to receive a document/proclamation in order to survive  Had to pay tithes to attend church  Benefits: Salvation  Consequences: Outsiders were promised damnation, fiery brimstone (hell); Carrot and Stick Approach  Laws 1) No meat on Friday; money for meat goes in “poor” box 2) Confessions- Confess sins for absolution (forgiveness) [Begun as a way to get leverage; keep secrets to use later]  Used money (tithes) for building projects  Monasteries (monks), Abbeys (nuns), Seminaries (priests)  Schooling  Free schooling for boys and girls (Family had to belong to Parish)  Primary school; mostly children  ½ day academics and ½ day religion (lure generations to money making)  Nuns were teachers; had the choice to become a teacher or a nurse after Abbey (Compassionate/kind- hearted: nursing) (Confident/Management: teaching)  Nuns  Ill people depended on nursing sisters; church paid medical bills Diseases and Medicine  Business & trading; New way of life established  Trade and traveling sailing  diversity and intermingling  Sailors travel and brought back germs and diseases; consequences of traveling  Bubonic Plague a.k.a Black Death  First break out in 14 century; 1300s  Ship from Sicily, Italy sailed to Europe with rats that had fleas carrying germs  Not contagious from person to person; get it from flea bite  Lasted for 5 years; 25 million deaths  People affected died within 3 years (children and old people suffered the longest)  Symptoms  Sore glands (behind ears); swelling begins  Fever (body burns inside out), nausea and vomiting  Dehydration and diarrhea  Body order  Skin turns black  Lasted 3 weeks before death (adults); people rolled up the dead and paid death wagons to get rid of body; dead bodies were burned  People believed plague was wrath of God; other thought greed was the reason or bad air in town (people start moving to the countryside to get away and be safe)  People turned to church, but church turned its back to the public and locked its doors  End of Black Death  End of Black Death= End of Middle Ages  Church is broken; printing press emerged (newspapers, books, and bible was first pamphlets)  Printing press invented by Johannes Gutenberg  Church lost relationship and power with the public


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.