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Elementary Spanish I and II- Lesson 1 Part 1 and 2

by: Imani Brown

Elementary Spanish I and II- Lesson 1 Part 1 and 2

Marketplace > Camden County College > > Elementary Spanish I and II Lesson 1 Part 1 and 2
Imani Brown

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!Bienvienido a su primer clase de espanol! Welcome to your first spanish class! These first set of notes cover basic spanish grammar and vocabulary for Elementary Spanish I and II. Notes include: ...
Elementary Spanish I and II
Class Notes
#firstspanishclass, #Spanish #grammar, elementaryspanish




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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Imani Brown on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Camden County College taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 214 views.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Elementary Spanish I and II: Lessons 1: Part 1 {Each section has color codes and examples to help you understand the notes and be able to read in English and Spanish} Greetings, Introductions, and Good-byes (including Responses) (Greetings= green; Introductions= orange; Good-byes= red) Saludos formales/informales (Formal & Informal Greetings) Respuestas (Response) Buenos dìas = Good morning Buenos dìas Buenos tardes = Good afternoon Buenos tardes Buenos noches = Good night Buenos noches ¡Hola! = Hello ¡Hola! = Hello! ¿Què hay de nuevo? = What’s new? Nada = Nothing ¿Què pasa? = What happened? Nada = Nothing ¿Como està (usted)? = How are you? Mal/Regular gracias y tu? = Bad? Ok, and you? ¿Còmo estàs (tù)? = How are you? Bien/Mal/Regular, gracias ¿Y tu? Good/Bad/Ok, thank you. And you? ¿Què tal? = How’s it going? (informal) Bien/Mal/Regular, gracias ¿Y tu? Good/Bad/Ok, thank you. And you? ¿y usted? = and you? (formal) Presentaciones (Introductions) Encantado(a) = Nice to meet you Me llamo =My name is Mucho gusto = Nice to meet you Le presento a (formales)= I’d like to introduce you to (formal) Te presento a (informales) = I’d like to introduce you to (informal) Encantado(a) = Nice to meet you Mucho gusto = Nice to meet you ¿Còmo se escribe….? = How do you spell? Despedidas Adiòs = Good-bye Chao = Good-bye (informal) Hasta luego = See you later Hasta pronto = See you soon Hasta manana = See you tomorrow ¡Nos vemos! = See you later! ¡Què tengas un buen dìa! = Have a nice day! (informal) Los Nùmeros uno- one nueve- nine diecisiete- seventeen dos- two diez- ten veinte- twenty tres- three once- eleven veintiuno- twenty-one cuatro- four doce- twelve veintidòs- twenty-two cinco- five trece- thirteen veintitres- twenty-three seis- six catorce- fourteen veinticuatro- twenty-four siete- seven quince- fifteen veinticinco- twenty-five ocho- eight dieciseis- sixteen veintiseis- twenty-six veintisiete- twenty-seven veintiocho- twenty-eight retinue- twenty-nine treinta- thirty treinta y uno- thirty-one cuarenta- forty cincuenta- fifty sesenta- sixty setenta- seventy ochenta- eighty noventa- ninety cien- one hundred Gramàtica Sustantivo = Noun (person, place, or thing)  How to make a Spanish Noun Plural - Add -s to the words with vowel endings (libro  libros) - Add -es to words ending in a consonant (professor  profesores) - Change a final -z to -c and add an -es (làpiz  làpices) Gender and Noun - In Spanish, nouns have a gender; Masuline (Masculino) and Feminine (Feminino) - Masuline ends in -o (el libro and el cuaderno); also used to refer to a man (el professor and el estudiante) - Feminine nouns usually end in -a (la silla and la pizarra); can also be used to refer a woman (la profesora) Definite and Indefinite Articles and Hay - In English, the is used with a noun. In Spanish, the is replaced with el and la to compliment a masculine or feminine noun.  Masculine (Masculino): el (singular), los (plural)  Feminine (Feminino): la (singular), las (plural) - In English, an, an, and some are used to refer to less specific nouns. In Spanish, they are replaced with un and una. It is expressed in four different ways that indicate gender and number.  Masculine (Masculino): un (singular), unos (plural)  Feminine (Feminino): una (singular), unas (plural) - Hay means there is or there are. It’s used with indefinite articles to discuss singular nouns and plural nouns (Indefinite article is gone after hay in plural sentences)  No hay làpices = There are no pencils.  Hay un escritorio= There is a desk Vocabulario- Sàlon de clases bandera - flag bolìgrafo - pen cartel (m.)- poster computadora- computer cuaderno- notebook diccionario- dictionary escritorio – teacher’s desk estudiante (m.f.) - student làpiz - pencil libro - book mapa (m.) - map la mesa - table mochila - backpack papel (m.) - paper pizarra - chalkboard professor(a) - professor puerta - door pupitre (m.) – student desk reloj (m.) - clock salòn de clases - classroom silla – chair televisor (m.) – television set ventana - window Elementary Spanish I and II Lesson 1: Part 2 {Each section is color coded and have examples to help you understand the notes and be able to read in English and Spanish} Gràmatica Subject Pronouns  Just like there are pronouns in English, there are pronouns in Spanish too. Here are the pronouns and their meanings:  Yo = I  Tù = you (familiar/casual)  Èl = he  Ella = she  Usted(for.) = you (formal)  Nosotros/ Nosotras= we  Vosotros/Vosotras = you all (Spain)  Ellos = they (males or mixed group; masculine)  Ellas = they (females or mixed group; feminine)  Ustedes(for.) = you (formal)  There are three ways to say the word you: Usted, Ustedes, Tù. However, each word has a different meaning and are used depending on the person being addressed.  Tù is the casual or familiar form of the word ‘you’. It is used when addressing family members, friends, classmates, and children.  Usted and Ustedes is the formal form of the word ‘you’. This is used when addressing authority like police, elders, older people, and people in professional settings. Ustedes is used to address a group of people in Latin America.  Nosotros/ Nosotrasis used when you’re including yourself in the group. (Think we in English)  Vosotros/Vosotras is also used for addressing the group, but it’s only used in Spain.  Ellos/Ellas is used for addressing a group of people, but each pronoun can depend on the gender. Ellos is used for a group of males and ellas is used for a group of females. Ser  Verb meaning to be.  It’s uses are:  To describe physical and personality traits  To tell where you or someone is from  To tell time and date  Forms of Ser:  Yo soy  Tù eres  Èl/ella/usted es  Nosotros/Nosotras somos  Vosotros/Vosotras sois  Ellos/ellas/ustedes son Adjective agreement  Everyone knows adjectives describe a person place or thing. In Spanish, adjectives have to agree with the gender and number of the nouns being used.  Example: Trabajador Bueno (Good work)  Modify feminine nouns by changing masculine adjectives from -o into an -a.  If masculine adjectives end -a and -e, they don’t have to change to modify the feminine noun.  After modifying the adjective, you can make it agree in number. Add -s for adjectives that end in vowels and add -es for adjectives that end in consonants. Vocabulario Describir la personalidad  aburrido(a)- boring  agresivo(a)- aggressive  amable- nice  antipàtico(a)- mean  atlètico(a)- athletic  bueno(a)- good  carinoso(a)- loving  còmico(a)- funny  conservador(a)- conservative  cruel- cruel  egoìsta- selfish  famoso(a)- famous  generoso(a)- generous  honesto(a)- honest  idealista- idealist  impaciente- impatient  inteligente- intelligent  intersesante- interesting  liberel- liberal  malo(a)- bad  optimista- optimist  paciente- patient  perezoso(a)- lazy  pesimista- pessismist  pobre- poor  realista- realist  rebelde- rebel  rico(a)- rich  serio(a)- serious  simpatico(a)- nice  sociable- sociable  tìmido(a)- timid, shy  tonto(a)- dumb  trabajador(a)- hard-working Describir el aspecto fìsico  alto(a)- tall  bajo(a)- short  bonito(a)- pretty  calvo(a)- bald  delgado(a)- thin  feo(a)- ugly  gordo(a)- fat  grande- big  guapo(a)- handsome  joven- young  moreno(a)- dark-skinned/ dark-haired  pellrrojo(a)- red-haired  pequeno(a)- small  rubio(a)- blond(e)  viejo(a)- old Palabras adicionales  corto(a)- short (length)  difìcil- difficult  fàcil- easy  el hombre- man  largo(a)- long  la mujer- woman  muy- very  el (la) nino(a)- child  un poco- a little  ser- to be


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