Music as a World Phenomenon- Week 1 Notes
Music as a World Phenomenon- Week 1 Notes Mus 22121
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Notetaker on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Marjorie T. Rounds in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
Music as a World Phenomenon Chapter 2, pg. 33 Week 1 Fundamental Issues Music is… music vs. noise universal, NOT a universal language Beijing opera example Folk vs. Classical vs. Pop music casual, lower class vs. upper class vs. appealing to everyone Thailand examples Ethnomusicology Preparation field work analysis dissemination frances densmore Aural Analysis First impressions what stands out? gut feeling experiential associations relate sounds to something you know Jargon- specific vocabulary 4 properties of sound quality (Timbre or Aural color) being able to recognize a type of instrument or singer Pitch (Tone)- speed of vibration faster= higher; slower=lower Duration (rhythm) Volume (Dynamics) Timbre: the unique sound of each voice or instrument color of a sound (Dark vs. bright) Medium-material used voice/instrument/both solo/ensemble organology sachs-hornbostel system broadens out classification “what is vibrating?”- initial way they classified instruments root: phone; prefix: kind of instrument Aerophones flutes (recorder), reeds(clarinets, oboe, bassoon, harmonica, bagpipes), trumpets(tuba, trombone, French horn, conch shell, any instrument that you have to make a buzzing noise with your mouth) the air has to be split/ excited like when water is boiling creates a column of vibrating air the longer the column, the lower the pitch Chordophones- strings vibrating lutes: any instrument with a neck bowed vs. plucked fretless vs fretted guitar, violin zither: no neck plucked vs. struck acoustic piano, santur Idiophones-instruments that vibrate itself plucked, struck or shaken “idio”- itself ex. ching, percussion instruments open sound and a closed sound, no pitches melodic idiophone: can have pitches Membranophones-drums that have heads often times the membrane is made out of animal skin female and male skins have different sounds struck with hand struck with a stick or other device Rubbed or singing membranes poke a stick through membrane and rub the stick ex. quicka The rolling stones example how many timbres? voices male-boys choir, treble, tenor acapella ensemble at first solo male chordophones acoustic guitar acoustic piano electric guitar electric piano electric bass organ aerophone French horn idiophone shaker membranophone drums Pitch highness or lowness of a sound according to its frequency definite vs, indefinite (a hum vs. a clap) different tuning systems western system- 7 natural notes a-g octaves have a 2:1 ratio (vibrate twice as fast) 12 equidistant half steps in between scale-interval-range major scale-CDEFGAB minor scale pentatonic scale-black keys interval-distance between any notes range- lowest note to highest note it’s capable of playing melody- drawing from the scale and making a musical sentence melodic contour- it goes up and down or stay by step the way a melody moves falling contour- drops down suddenly cascading contour- goes gradually down Text setting syllabic (one pitch per syllable) vs. melismatic (many pitches per syllable) singers Bulgarian choir ex. beginning is melismatic, ensemble is more syllabic
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