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Music as a World Phenomenon- Week 1 Notes

by: Kathryn Notetaker

Music as a World Phenomenon- Week 1 Notes Mus 22121

Marketplace > Kent State University > Music > Mus 22121 > Music as a World Phenomenon Week 1 Notes
Kathryn Notetaker
GPA 3.3
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About this Document

Notes for week 1
Music as a world phenomenon
Marjorie T. Rounds
Class Notes
Music, world, Music History, world music




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Notetaker on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Marjorie T. Rounds in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Music as a World Phenomenon Chapter 2, pg. 33 Week 1 Fundamental Issues  Music is…  music vs. noise  universal, NOT a universal language  Beijing opera example  Folk vs. Classical vs. Pop music  casual, lower class vs. upper class vs. appealing to everyone  Thailand examples Ethnomusicology  Preparation  field work  analysis  dissemination  frances densmore Aural Analysis  First impressions  what stands out?  gut feeling  experiential associations  relate sounds to something you know  Jargon- specific vocabulary  4 properties of sound  quality (Timbre or Aural color) being able to recognize a type of instrument or singer  Pitch (Tone)- speed of vibration faster= higher; slower=lower  Duration (rhythm)  Volume (Dynamics)  Timbre: the unique sound of each voice or instrument  color of a sound (Dark vs. bright)  Medium-material used  voice/instrument/both  solo/ensemble  organology  sachs-hornbostel system  broadens out classification  “what is vibrating?”- initial way they classified instruments  root: phone; prefix: kind of instrument Aerophones  flutes (recorder), reeds(clarinets, oboe, bassoon, harmonica, bagpipes), trumpets(tuba, trombone, French horn, conch shell, any instrument that you have to make a buzzing noise with your mouth)  the air has to be split/ excited like when water is boiling  creates a column of vibrating air  the longer the column, the lower the pitch  Chordophones- strings vibrating  lutes: any instrument with a neck  bowed vs. plucked  fretless vs fretted  guitar, violin  zither: no neck  plucked vs. struck  acoustic piano, santur  Idiophones-instruments that vibrate itself  plucked, struck or shaken  “idio”- itself  ex. ching, percussion instruments  open sound and a closed sound, no pitches  melodic idiophone: can have pitches  Membranophones-drums that have heads  often times the membrane is made out of animal skin  female and male skins have different sounds  struck with hand  struck with a stick or other device  Rubbed or singing membranes  poke a stick through membrane and rub the stick  ex. quicka  The rolling stones example how many timbres?  voices  male-boys choir, treble, tenor  acapella ensemble at first  solo male  chordophones  acoustic guitar  acoustic piano  electric guitar  electric piano  electric bass  organ  aerophone  French horn  idiophone  shaker  membranophone  drums  Pitch  highness or lowness of a sound according to its frequency  definite vs, indefinite (a hum vs. a clap)  different tuning systems  western system- 7 natural notes  a-g  octaves have a 2:1 ratio (vibrate twice as fast)  12 equidistant half steps in between  scale-interval-range  major scale-CDEFGAB  minor scale  pentatonic scale-black keys  interval-distance between any notes  range- lowest note to highest note it’s capable of playing  melody- drawing from the scale and making a musical sentence  melodic contour- it goes up and down or stay  by step  the way a melody moves  falling contour- drops down suddenly  cascading contour- goes gradually down  Text setting  syllabic (one pitch per syllable) vs. melismatic (many pitches per syllable)  singers  Bulgarian choir ex. beginning is melismatic, ensemble is more syllabic


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