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Week 1 Notes

by: merlec16

Week 1 Notes FYS 100

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About this Document

These notes cover elements of artwork and organization.
Discovering the Avant-Garde
LeighAnn Hallberg
Class Notes
avante-garde, elements, value, color, balance




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by merlec16 on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FYS 100 at Wake Forest University taught by LeighAnn Hallberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Discovering the Avant Garde- Class Notes Tuesday August 30 , 2016 In-class Video: Ways of Seeing General Notes- Seeing is less spontaneous and natural than we think Depends on habit and convention Convention of perspective Video Presentation Assignment- convey to students what video conveys to you Photography group 1. Photography- Episode 1  Everything changed/ no longer as limited  Appearances travel across the world  Free from human immobility  Freed from boundaries of time and space  Explains the world unknown to you 2. Gender 3. Capitalism and Commodities 4. Advertising Become Aware of the Elements  Basic unit of structure for a work of art  Elements- o Line o Value- the difference between light and dark o Color o Shape o Texture-  Simulated texture- 2 dimensional surface that looks 3 dimensional where artist tries to make what a texture would look like (EX: fur coat, towrd)  Actual texture- physically has a 3 dimension  Visual texture- accumulation of a bunch of lines, looks like it has texture but doesn’t  Matisse Ovaless 1923 – all about pleasure o Lyrical lines/ subject matter without tension o Line = important/principal element o Value and shape also incorporated, texture as well  “Young Girl With Cigarette”- example of Value and Line o Can also argue shape o Example of Visual texture  Monet- Water Lilies 1920 o Example of Color o Value and Texture and Shape  Dada Head- Sophie 1920 o Example of Shape (geometric sculpture)  Otto Dix 1924 o Value and Simulated Texture Seven Principles of Organization 1. Harmony- factor of cohesion, the BIG organization  “Bridge Over a Pond of Waterlilies” 1899  Elements working together to create harmony 2. Variety- counterweight of harmony, factor of visual separation  “Cut With Kitchen Knife Dada Through the Last…” Hannah Hoch photo montage  It is with variety that an artist achieves individuality and interest  Reflects the fragmentation of WWI 1914-1919 that is captured in the montage  Contrast and tension is obvious  The machinery of government and culture  Circular theme of mechanics that shows movement  Deskilling- not as much physical talent involved o Montage is still called art because of the organization and elements  Harmony and Variety must contain a balance in a work of art, both much be present 3. Balance- fundamental unity, equilibrium, symmetry  We can relate as humans- we always want to be in balance o Lends a feeling of stability  “Napoleon I on his Imperial Throne” by Ingres 1806 o Example of symmetrical balance o Many elements are present containing different meanings  “The Star” 1876-1877 o Asymmetrical balance o Value is present- huge contrast between light and dark  “Street Light” represents progress and new inventions o Radial balance o Focus is central and the painting radiates around it, eye comes back to center  Crystallographic balance- unit or module repeated over and over again o Andy Warhol paintings “100 Cans” (Campbell soup) 4. Proportion- the relationship of the part to the whole  Chuck Close self portrait o Color and value relative to all other units make the face  “Burial at Ornans” by Gustav Courbet 1849-1850 o Value, Line, Shape  El Greco “Burial of Count Orgaz” 1586 o Confined formal space o Three separate scenes filled with different people of different roles 5. Movement- an experience that makes your eye travel comfortably  Vincent Van Gogh “Starry Night”  Shape makes your eyes follow all the way around the painting and move in circular direction 6. Dominance- emphasizes the degree of importance of its various parts  “Fountain” 1917  The shape takes control over the painting  It is meant to be an affront 7. Economy – distillation of the image to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation  “White on White”  Eliminating any elements that might distract attention from the essence of an idea  Meant to replace the religious icons, secular icon for a new world


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