PY 101, Week 1 Notes
PY 101, Week 1 Notes Psychology 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Tomlinson on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Rachel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
8/26 Brain Structure Cont. Cerebellum Responsible for motor learning and motor memory Operates independently and unconsciously If damaged, it can have significant impact, such as holding a pencil or as bad as being able to go to the restroom on your own Subcortical Structures Important for understanding psychological functions Thalamus Gateway to brain (decides what information to pass along) Receives most incoming sensory information before it reaches the cortex Basal Ganglia Important for planning and production of movement (approves movements) Connects motor areas to the thalamus Nucleus accumbens: reward and punishment result of dopamine Hypothalamus (near brain stem) Involved in regulation of bodily functions -Body temperature -Body rhythm -Blood pressure -Blood glucose levels Influences our basic motivated behavior -Four F’s Food Flight Fight Sex Hippocampus Has to do with memory Clive Wearing: He remembers how to play the piano and remembers his wife, but he can’t remember things from a few seconds ago. He had an infection in his 20’s. There is not room for new memories in his brain, but he has room for a few old memories. H.M.: severe seizures; epilepsy -Doctors performed surgery on him and took out parts of his hippocampus. He no longer had seizures after the surgery, but he lost 11 years of memory after it and he couldn’t make new memories. He could pick up new motor skills, but couldn’t recall information or events. Hippocampus and Long T erm Memory Standard Consolidation Theory: memories are temporarily stored in the hippocampus until they can be transferred to a more stable cortical storage system Multiple-trace Theory: memories are stored permanently in the hippocampus Amygdala Emotional and social processing Linked to both pleasure and fear response S.M. (Feinstein, 2010) -44 y/o mother -she had lesions on her amygdala (controls emotion) -behavior repeatedly demonstrated an absence of fear
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