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Rels 303: Hinduism, Week 1 Notes

by: Kayteeessbee

Rels 303: Hinduism, Week 1 Notes Rels 303

Marketplace > Western Kentucky University > Religious Studies > Rels 303 > Rels 303 Hinduism Week 1 Notes
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About this Document

These notes cover the information that is provided in the Powerpoints on Blackboard as well as supplemental information provided by Dr. Samuels during lecture.
Dr. Jeffrey Samuels
Class Notes
Hinduism, religion, brahma, baghavadgita




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayteeessbee on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rels 303 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. Jeffrey Samuels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Hinduism in Religious Studies at Western Kentucky University.

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Date Created: 09/01/16
August 24 Hinduism Hindu Religious Traditions:  Hinduism=World Religion, Dominant in India  “All things to all men,” it is everything  What one does makes them a Hindu  Is Hinduism polytheistic or monotheistic?  What is Hinduism? Lol August 26 Indus Valley Civilization:  3300­1500 BCE  Ambedkar: converted a lot of “untouchables.” Origins of Hinduism  2 ancient cultural complexes­  Indus Valley Civilization  Aryan (Indo­European) Civilization  Dravidian language family  Aryan  Indo­European vs. Indus­Valley  Durga  Kali Decline of Indus Valley Civ:  Theory 1: Gradual decline based on economic/environmental issues  Aryan invasion­­war  RElationship to Indo­europeans?  Cultural transformation theory  Moving east, becoming the aryans Relationship to Indo­Europeans:  Cultural Transformation Theory  Moving East  Becoming the Aryans  IVC­­­>Ganges (1700 BCE)­­­>Aryan (Indo­European)  Did IVC become Aryan civilization or  Discontinuous Culture Theory  Were they two separate tribes?  For instance, language completely changed between IVC and IE­why  would a whole civilization just change their language family entirely all of a sudden  Moving South  Relate to Dravidians  Many word­meaning parallels  Modified Aryan Migration Theory  Aryan Nomads spread both ways from Afghanistan  IVC influenced Aryans, and vice versa  They developed alongside one another  They each absorbed elements from one another The Vedas  Not of Human authorship (like Quran)  Texts heard (shruti) by “seers” (rishi)  Shruti is opposed to texts authored by humans and “re­remembered”  (smriti)  The texts are preserved by priests (Brahmins) and written down in about  700­500BCE  Lineages/families preserved and memorized a particular selection of texts  Sage Vyasa organized the Vedas into a whole  Central to Vedic religion, one def of Hindu  Self­representation of the Aryans in texts called the Vedas The Vedas­The Texts  Four Vedas:  Rig­Veda (collection of hymns recited in religious rituals. 1,028  hymns)  Sama­Veda (where is the best place to put the hymns)  Yajur­Veda (focused on one ritual, first textbook we have on  literature)  Atharva­veda (conglomerate of verses containing spells,  incantations)  Four divisions in each of the Vedas  Samhita  Brahmana  Aranyaka  Upanishad


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