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Jour 413 History of Journalism Early Beginnings Week 1 8-31-16

by: Rebel_Athlete

Jour 413 History of Journalism Early Beginnings Week 1 8-31-16 413

Marketplace > University of Nevada - Las Vegas > JOUR > 413 > Jour 413 History of Journalism Early Beginnings Week 1 8 31 16

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These notes cover the first week of class. For every upload there will be a summary in the beginning stating what went on in class. The early beginnings of Journalism, which actually dates back...
History of Journalism
Gregory Borchard
Class Notes
history, Of, journalism, mesopotamia, Phoenicians, Johannes, Gutenburg, Print, revolution




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebel_Athlete on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 413 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Gregory Borchard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see History of Journalism in JOUR at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Wednesday, August 31, 2016 Jour 413 Notes SUMMARY Today we talked about how Journalism was started and the early development of media. We learned that Journalism and media co-exist with each other and that truthfully neither of them can exist without the other. The Print Revolution can’t be described without the Phoenicians, Greeks, Egyptians, Chinese, Johannes Gutenberg and Martin Luther. These influential people have aided to the print revolution by at first allowing people to communicate efficiently by simplifying written form and by raising the literacy rate through the creation of the word press. Beginnings of Journalism - Journalism began primarily with stories told through cave paintings that were around 30,000 years old. - Around 4,000 years old was the Valley of Fire in Nevada, consisting of petroglyphs. • Researchers at UNLV say that there are two interpretations: its gibberish or something is truly being communicated here. - The other interpretation is that it is describing how long the trip takes from the valley of fire to the Meadows here in Las Vegas. It was essentially a map for people who looked at it. - Buildings were also a form of communication, communicating power and prestige to all who saw it. Print Revolution - The alphabet they had were hieroglyphics, used by the Greeks, Phoenicians and the Chinese. Sanskrit was also another form of language that is 1,000 years old. - The Chinese were very good at this way before the western world, they were the first people to develop written type in the year 1041. - Egyptians - Hieroglyphics - Not only do the pictures mean something, but it is actually a visual of sound. As the receiver you are able to hear and see the story. These hieroglyphics were meant for influential people. 1 Wednesday, August 31, 2016 - Mesopotamians - Cuneiform - The Mesopotamians wanted to trade, so they decided to create cuneiform, which was one of the first real alphabets that had both sound and meaning. It was meant to be quicker than drawing a pharaoh and instead substituting it with these symbols. - India - Indus Valley Script Phoenicians - - Phoenician Alphabet - As you can see here they are the building blocks to our alphabet. -The Phoenicians traded with the Greeks and were near Antioch, which is modern day Syria near the coast. 2 Wednesday, August 31, 2016 The Library at Alexandria - Named after Alexander the Great - Around 400 A.D. fires started to break out and eventually over time these records were destroyed. - The theory is that as the empire was falling apart, they wanted to keep the people of subjugation just the way they were—they didn’t want them to remember or have any knowledge of their history. We will never know because all the records were destroyed. - Johannes Gutenberg - He was the man who used the wine press and later converted it into a printing press to print out the bible. He was the first to do it mechanically. The first press put ink over paper, it was sort of like a huge stamp that needed - someone to pull a lever. - Martin Luther - He was the man who translated the Bible from Latin into German. This was significant because it planted the seed for citizens to be able to be literate. - John Milton - He was a man who created the original ideas that Americans later adopted in our First Amendment. 3


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