HIST 1103-WEEK 1 NOTES
HIST 1103-WEEK 1 NOTES HIST 1103
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nichole Pike on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1103 at Oklahoma State University taught by Professor Prince in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
08/17/16 HIST 1103 WEEK 1 THE AMERICAN COLONIES DISCLAIMER: THESE NOTES WERE TAKEN FROM WHAT WAS RETAINED FROM CLASS LECTURE AND TEXTBOOK READINGS. THESE ARE IN NO WAY COMPREHENSIVE, BUT SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CLASS MATERIALS PROVIDED BY THE PROFESSOR. SPANISH COLONIZATION the 3 G’s drive Spanish ExplorationGold, Glory and God brought Greek Catholicism with them Empire stretches from South America throughout present day U.S. Native Americans had no resistance to diseases and kills 90% of them EARLY PROFITABILITY AND COMPETITION Spanish colonies gained a lot of wealth and things coined “Colombian Exchange” this wealth drives competition in other countries who all want North American colonies irony is that Spain gains so much wealth that the market crashes COMPETITION around 1700, other countries have created colonies in North and South America ENGLAND England is having a rough time Roanoke was established in 1585 and land was supplied by ship England ships don’t supply Roanoke and the colony almost starves to death in 1586, the colony was abandoned ROANOKE FAILS AGAIN Roanoke was colonized once again in 1587 when England goes to war with Spain in 1587 the colony is not supplied once again in 1590 the colony was deserted the word Croatoan was carved into a tree which is the only clue as to the reason for desertion Roanoke is known as the Lost Colony in North Carolina while all of this is going on; Spain continues to ship large loads of wealth back to home country JAMESTOWN established in 1607 by Joint Stock Company becomes first permanent and successful English colony shared laborers (unskilled colonists) were sent and little emphasis was placed on agriculture no food grown in first winter public trade and taxation take place Jamestown founded primarily for profit located in swamp which leads to a high mortality rate those who survived the first season became known as seasoned (immune) in 1608, John Smith initiated military discipline and colonists survive first winter John Smith leaves and colonists return to old ways 16091610 is known as the starving time 3/4 of people die of disease and colony resorts to cannibalism MARTIAL LAW people don’t want to work so colony resorts to martial law Native Americans soon become wary two major campaigns take place by Powhatan Confederacy in an effort to destroy colony 1622 was successful and ¼ of colonists were killed 1644 fails TOBACCO John Rolfe experimented tobacco was native to the New World in 1617 any available space is taken to grow tobacco (ex. side of the roads) Virginia becomes profitable with the export of tobacco VIRGINIA PROSPERS in 1618, martial law relaxes Sir Edwin Sandys led to the first representative assembly on continent which leads to our current system of government Sandys creates the headright system which allows someone to have 50 acres of land in new world if the individual pays their own way there SERVANT most people can’t afford to pay their own way which leads to indentured servants indentured servants work almost slavelike except its cheaper for master system was corrupt slavery comes about around the same time but it is not profitable most people die of disease and the population is not increasing so people keep being sent to New World if servants start to live longer, it is not profitable Nathaniel Bacon created modern slave codes Bacon is angry because codes aren’t taken into action BACON’S REBELLION attacks wrong tribe and then burns Jamestown almost immediately dies of dysentery there were free blacks who owned slaves as well poor works with other poor people of all races this alarms the colony because they fear they may form together and attack slavery then becomes a racial divide that allows for division which creates solidarity of all whites regardless of class SLAVE never free preserves class 1670sslave codes determine slaves based on the mother not determined by father because often masters could make their “own slaves” Virginia is now creating a system other colonies also springup which are essentially clones of Jamestown MASSACHUSETTS Virginia is for profit but Massachusetts is to escape religious upheaval Pilgrims are separatistsmore religious than anyone else and those thrown out of England Puritans seek to purify English Church (believed it was corrupt) Pilgrims land in the wrong spot and the colony would become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony PURITANS very strict and close knit group lives in fear that someone doesn’t have their same values they create a shining beacon for the rest of the world society itself is extremely religious ONLY wanted religious freedom for themselves Rhode Island becomes the place for those who get kicked out of Massachusetts church is preeminent part of town; everyone goes to church first generation is really religious each later generation is less and less religious Puritans were not good at adapting to changing times SOCIAL LIFE IN MASSACHUSETTS better climate in Massachusetts, not a swamp so people live longer New England said to invent term “grandparent” before this time, people didn’t live long enough to be grandparents conformity was expected Roger Williams advocated for separation between church and state and when kicked out of Massachusetts; he finds Rhode Island Ann Hutchinson also was banished for believing that anyone could talk to God and preach When Ann died, Puritans used her death as a proof that she was wrong and was killed because of beliefs TREATMENT OF NATIVE AMERICANS Pequot Wardisease is still potent and deadly King Philip’s Warbrutal Puritans displace Native Americans keep pushing westward PENNSYLVANIA formed because of a debt owed Quakers had fairly radical ideals new colony was not formed for any particular reason, but for treating all people equally was not the most successful Pennsylvania was closest to American values TRIANGLE TRADE continuous cycle all are interrelated goods, production of goods, and slaves all work interdependently SLAVERY AND DEPENDENCE two versions dependence on each other known as American Paradox WEEK 1 ORIGINS OF AMERICAN REVOLUTION NAVIGATION ACTS/TRADE England doesn’t care what’s happening in colonies but realizes there is wealth there England believes in mercantilismbelief that it should benefit home country starts cracking down and creates rules for colonies certain things could only be traded in the English system; between England and English colonies GLORIOUS REVOLUTION series of wars England then asserts control over the colonies English Bill of Rights was created for Englishmen BENIGN NEGLECT colonists learn to do things their own way they wanted to be Englishmen, but also do things their own way INSTABILITY IN COLONIES 1676Bacon’s Rebellion 1692Salem Witch Trials 20 people die people are scared and restless we can see the angst in the colonies and can see that they aren’t dealing well 1730sGreat Awakening clinging to religion at this point ALBANY PLAN idea that maybe the colonies should unifyBenjamin Franklin the plan failed the British government does not want one super colony legislators did not want to give up power COLONIAL WARS Britain and France are both expanding colonies four major wars 16891697 King William’s War 17021713 Queen Anne’s War 17441748 King George’s War 17561763 French and Indian Warmost important we can see that besides a 30year gap, there was almost consistent war somewhere BOSTON MASSACRE MOVIE
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