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Abnormal Psych Week 1 notes

by: Hannah Arth

Abnormal Psych Week 1 notes PSY 2710

Marketplace > Ohio University > Psychology > PSY 2710 > Abnormal Psych Week 1 notes
Hannah Arth
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These notes may or may not be on the exam. Dr. Sarver bases his midterm based on one question that a student will randomly draw from a deck of cards. My notes should help you study for each of thes...
Abnormal Psychology
Dr. Sarver
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Arth on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2710 at Ohio University taught by Dr. Sarver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at Ohio University.

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Date Created: 09/01/16
Dr. Sarver's Abnormal Psychology at Ohio University's Week 1 Fall 2016 22 August 2016 Facts about the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders)  DSM 5 lists all mental health disorders  first published in 1952  Version 5 was issued last spring  DSM 1 92 pages  DSM 5 980 pages  DSM 5 is meant to categorize disorders  Now in Arabic 2 font instead of roman numerals  ICD: International classification of Disease  a collection of syndromes  syndromes: a collection of symptoms that regularly occurs together  we can find out the cause after finding out the syndromes for etiology  we can find out what puts them at risk for the diseases  Once we find out the risk factor, we can come out with treatment  understanding syndromes leads to understanding epidemiology (prevention)  ICD and DSM are very different.  ICD Observable and Measurable  DSM is about behavior 24 August 2016 How the DSM was organized, and strange disorders that are no longer in the DSM. mental health is determined on behavior physical health is observable  Apophenia o The cognitive tendency to CONSTRUCT patterns o patterns and stereotypes are healthy o very cognitive function  Pareiodolia o The cognitive tendency to give patterns MEANING o the pattern has meaning o use stereotype to form prejudices  The agency (national institute of mental health) has identified five primary “domains” of mental function, which are subdivided into lower level systems like the fear response, that have some known tie to behavior and brain circuit. These Domains can be simply stated: one for storing and using information; one for moving toward positive rewards, like food and shelter; and one for avoiding harm, which is where the fear circuit resides.  Szasz wrote “The myth of mental illness”  adorno et all wrote “the nature of prejudice” o the people that have prejudice, have said prejudice because they are mentally ill. o Szasz thought there would be 0 change in racism or sexism for over 100 years. political correctness changes, but the thoughts will still be there. o wanted to control the nature of its members  Drapetomania o “Negroes running away from their plantations”-1850 o established because owners couldn't understand why they would want to run away.  Psychiatry and the law should be kept very separate. o should be put in institutions, not prisons o violation of constitutional right o Sheriff is authorized to commit anyone to an institution for a minimum of 72 hours. 26 August 2016 Laws Based from Szasz that are used for Mental Illness Crime Cases  Szasz: “mental illness is a disease” o there is no bacteria o mental health centers are for treatment, not for punishment o people have a constitutional right to have their mental illness o you can refuse medical treatment o you CANNOT refuse psychiatric treatment o “it makes me suffer when they suffer” o how is our discomfort their problem? o psychological treatment SHOULD be voluntary, not forced o drug and mental health courts decide whether or not they will have treatment or not  Presumption of competence o innocent until proven guilty is to competent until proven otherwise  What is abnormal behavior o Frequent behavior counts for 68% of the population o Because the behavior is frequent, does not mean it is normal or abnormal o Frequency must be taken into account based off of culture. such as praying or speaking to or with God. o Use a cultural definition of what is normal behavior or not. Some behaviors are valued by certain cultures and are viewed as normal. o Good behavior in one culture may different in another o Within one culture, sense of what is right and wrong can change  “People need to decide for themselves whether or not they have mental health issues”-Szasz o disfunction or mental illness is: inability to love or work effectively o can have every symptom of the mental illness but unless it interferes with everyday life, it will not be diagnosed  Distress o people can decide to have mental illness because they are depressed or anxious o “I should be happy but I'm very distressed” o Facebook depression:  Comparing other people’s good outer appearance to your own, making yourself depressed.  Dangerousness o Someone is a danger to themselves or others around them o psychologists cannot predict when people are going to become violent-most likely to occur when the individual is under the influence of drugs or alcohol o If you own a gun, and under medical treatment, the state of New York has access to your records. Confidentiality is irrelevant o Some people recognize when they are on the edge and seek out treatment  Rigidity o Most people with mental illness(es) are very rigid o everybody has to appease the person that is the one that could go off the edge o they are often looked at most often o everyone is careful with what they say or do around the one person o Insanity is a legal term, not a psych term o mens rea: you have to commit an evil act o actus reas: the intent has to be evil o “Because of my mental illness, I was incapable of understanding it was an evil act”


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