New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Music 121, Week 2 Lecture Notes

by: Jamie Bynum

Music 121, Week 2 Lecture Notes Music 121

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Music > Music 121 > Music 121 Week 2 Lecture Notes
Jamie Bynum
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Introduction to Listening

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Introduction to Listening notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These are the notes from the lecture given by Dr. Bailey on August 25, 2016. The lecture was titled "The Elements of Music". If you have any questions feel free to email me at
Introduction to Listening
Dr. Bailey
Class Notes




Popular in Introduction to Listening

Popular in Music

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamie Bynum on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Bailey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for Music 121, Week 2 Lecture Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/01/16
Lecture: “The Elements of Mu- sic” August 25, 2016 Professor: Dr. Bailey • Four essential elements: 1. Rhythm (forms music) Pitch (makes music sound) 2. 3. Dynamics (loud/soft, etc.) 4. Timbre (quality of sounds) Rhythm • Rhythm is pattern and duration of sound and silence; also speed of musical flow (tempo) • Rhythm is most primal element of the four, speaks as music without need for melody • Tempo drastically changes listening experience Pitch • Pitch is relative highness or lowness of sound • Melody is organization of pitches in a recognizable pattern • Generally, a good melody’s pitches will be in the same range of highness/lowness Dynamics • Dynamics is the volume level of music (described in Italian terms) - Piano (soft) - Forte (loud) - Issimo (very) - Mezzo (half or medium) • Creates variety for music Timbre (Tam-bur) • Timbre is “tone color” • Quality of sound; where response to liking or disliking a song or piece of music typically occurs • Borrows from other senses to support aural sense (bright, warm, dark, harsh, etc.) Harmony • Harmony is a secondary line used to enhance melody • Usually complimentary (consonant/consonance) but can be dis- cordant (dissonant/dissonance) • Often found as chords; series of three or more notes at once • Progression: series of chords Atonal Music: All notes have equal importance - Often sounds disorganized Tonal Music: Music based around a central note, or key - Major keys = happy - Minor keys = sad - Key tends to have a direct impact on reception to songs or pieces of music Texture • Texture is layers of music heard at once - Often most difficult to discern 1. Monophonic: Most bare/boring; one note/melody at a time 2. Homophonic: A melody with a second line of lesser impor- tance - Most music tends to be homophonic 3. Polyphonic: Multiple lines of equal interest that occur simulta- neously - Used sparingly due to complexity - Looping/Layering effects create modern polyphonic music Form • Form is the organization of musical ideas in time - Generally melodies - Relies on mixture of repetition and contrast • Theme and Variations (AA1, A2, A3…) - Theme repeats throughout with slight changing - Too much repetition • Binary Form (AB, AAB, ABB, AABB…) - Two section form - Some repetition but not required - Often too much contrast • Ternary Form (ABA, ABA1,…) - Three part form - Balance between variety and repetition - Most popular


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.