Music 121, Week 2 Lecture Notes
Music 121, Week 2 Lecture Notes Music 121
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamie Bynum on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Bailey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
Lecture: “The Elements of Mu- sic” August 25, 2016 Professor: Dr. Bailey • Four essential elements: 1. Rhythm (forms music) Pitch (makes music sound) 2. 3. Dynamics (loud/soft, etc.) 4. Timbre (quality of sounds) Rhythm • Rhythm is pattern and duration of sound and silence; also speed of musical ﬂow (tempo) • Rhythm is most primal element of the four, speaks as music without need for melody • Tempo drastically changes listening experience Pitch • Pitch is relative highness or lowness of sound • Melody is organization of pitches in a recognizable pattern • Generally, a good melody’s pitches will be in the same range of highness/lowness Dynamics • Dynamics is the volume level of music (described in Italian terms) - Piano (soft) - Forte (loud) - Issimo (very) - Mezzo (half or medium) • Creates variety for music Timbre (Tam-bur) • Timbre is “tone color” • Quality of sound; where response to liking or disliking a song or piece of music typically occurs • Borrows from other senses to support aural sense (bright, warm, dark, harsh, etc.) Harmony • Harmony is a secondary line used to enhance melody • Usually complimentary (consonant/consonance) but can be dis- cordant (dissonant/dissonance) • Often found as chords; series of three or more notes at once • Progression: series of chords Atonal Music: All notes have equal importance - Often sounds disorganized Tonal Music: Music based around a central note, or key - Major keys = happy - Minor keys = sad - Key tends to have a direct impact on reception to songs or pieces of music Texture • Texture is layers of music heard at once - Often most difﬁcult to discern 1. Monophonic: Most bare/boring; one note/melody at a time 2. Homophonic: A melody with a second line of lesser impor- tance - Most music tends to be homophonic 3. Polyphonic: Multiple lines of equal interest that occur simulta- neously - Used sparingly due to complexity - Looping/Layering effects create modern polyphonic music Form • Form is the organization of musical ideas in time - Generally melodies - Relies on mixture of repetition and contrast • Theme and Variations (AA1, A2, A3…) - Theme repeats throughout with slight changing - Too much repetition • Binary Form (AB, AAB, ABB, AABB…) - Two section form - Some repetition but not required - Often too much contrast • Ternary Form (ABA, ABA1,…) - Three part form - Balance between variety and repetition - Most popular
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