Week 2 American National Government
Week 2 American National Government PS 110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Notetaker on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 110 at Western Kentucky University taught by Scott Lasley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see American National Government in History at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
Week 2 PS 110 Day #3 8/30/16 The Constitution: Chapter Two Class Notes TQ: What was the relationship between the colonies and the crown prior to the war? TA: Overall, the relationship was good. There were significant amounts of autonomy. It deteriorated in the end due to the economic strain of the war. Colonists create the declaration of independence, and the King loses legitimacy—has to resort to coercive force. Declaration of Independence: a list of grievances, not all colonists were 100% on board with independence. TQ: What was the first attempt at self-governance? TA: The articles of confederation, state run, single branch, unicameral legislature (1781-1787) Why? They wanted to avoid the tyrannical executive and they had experience in legislature. Weaknesses: No power to tax, no army, no free trade among states, no single currency, no coercive force or legitimacy TQ: What was the context in which the constitutional convention was held? TA: To revise the articles in response to Shay’s Rebellion. The meeting was held in Annapolis in 1786. Follow-up was scheduled to draft a whole new document as the Virginia Plan was proposed. The convention was marked by secrecy and compromise. Madison is known as the Father of the Constitution, George Washington added legitimacy to the meeting. Secrecy was crucial to compromise. James Madison: wants to expand government reach, avoid majority tyranny, multiplicity was important TQ: What were the main issues that emerged in writing the constitution? TA: Virginia Plan (large states) vs. New Jersey Plan (small states), an issue of representation in congress. The solution was the Great Compromise or Connecticut compromise. A bicameral legislation. House=Virginia Plan Senate=New Jersey Plan North vs. South, and issue of slavery. Solution was the 3/5 compromise South wanted to count slaves as for population so they could have more representation in the house. North didn’t want them to count if they weren’t going to be counted for taxation purposes as well. The Executive Branch: 1 President, electoral college would choose him, his powers were left vague and largely in trust of Washington. Day #4 9/1/16 Constitution Continued Class Lecture TQ: What was the process for ratification? TA: Rules are found in the constitution They had to set the bar low enough that it would be ratified but high enough to entice legitimacy. 9 out of 13 states This led to the first great campaign in America. The Federalists vs. the antifederalists. This results in the federalist papers by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. They were an argument for the ratification of the constitution. Bill of Rights: 12 amendments The federalists didn’t love the idea of this while the anti-federalists refused to ratify without it. TQ: Does the constitution merely reflect the economic self-interest of the founders? TA: Beard says, “being hurt by the articles brought them together, no popular vote, personal property was a key component. Constitution as a political document: Concerns: individual rights, democratic rule, protection for minority Individual Rights: Classical liberalism, John Locke Majority tyranny limited, republic Republican government, indirect elections, fixed terms, districts Divided authority across government: 1. 3 branches of gov. 2. bicameral, house and senate 3. federalism Bill of Rights places limitation on the government 1. Separation of powers 2. Acceptance of the principal of equality 3. Bill of rights protects individuals rights 4. Separation of church and state 5. Oldest major republic and political democracy in the world is created KEY COMPONENTS: Article 1: Congress Article 2: Executive Article 3: Judiciary Article 4: Interstate Relations Article 5: Process for Amending Article 6: National Supremacy Article 7: Ratification procedure outlined
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