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Human Sexuality, Chapter 1 Notes

by: Jessica Wileman

Human Sexuality, Chapter 1 Notes HD 84411

Jessica Wileman
Virginia Tech
GPA 2.8

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About this Document

These notes are a combination of power point notes in class and notes from the textbook. these are all the things you need to know for all of chapter 1.
Human Sexuality
Blanchard, Victoria
Class Notes
Human, human sexuality, sexuality, Timeline
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Wileman on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HD 84411 at Virginia Tech - Thomas E. Cook Counseling Center Psychology Internship taught by Blanchard, Victoria in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Human Development at Virginia Tech - Thomas E. Cook Counseling Center Psychology Internship.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Chapter 1 Notes:  What is sexuality? o A general term for the feelings and behaviors of human beings concerning sex o Related to an individual’s sex, gender, identity and expression, and sexual orientation; grounded in biological function o Unique to humans: humans are the only species to create rules and guidelines for sex  Timeline/ society definitions:  The Hebrews (1000-200 B.C.) o Adultery, male homosexual intercourse, and sex with various family members were forbidden. o Focused on marital sexuality and procreation o The Hebrew Bible outlined all acceptable forms of sex along with miss conducts  The Greeks (1000-200 B.C.) o Myths contained stories of sexual exploits, incest, rape, and boy’s development o Boy students would have sex with their mentors as part of their learning o Men and the male form were idolized o Platonic- A deep, loving relationship that is devoid of sexual contact or desire (first developed by Plato)  India (400 B.C.) o Karma- the belief that a person’s attractions in this and other lives determine his/her fate in future lives o Sex was seen as a positive pursuit and even a source of power and magic o Being born a woman was seen as being a punishment o Female Infanticide: the killing of female infants ( not seen as a big deal morally) o Kamasutra: Ancient sex manual, discusses sex along with making a good home and family life o A woman’s job was to pleasure their husbands o Sati: A woman throwing herself on her husband’s burning funeral prye (casket) to die o Sometimes widows would marry the brother of their lost husband  China (200 B.C.) o Tao: Basic unity of the universe o Yin and Yang:  Yang is the male spirit and is seen as being masculine, active and assertive. Represented as white.  Yin is the female spirit and is seen as passive, and receptive. Represented as black. o Yin was inexhaustible and yang was limited. Sex was prolonged (before ejaculation) to save yang/semen o To prevent depletion of yin, men should have sex with multiple women so no one’s yin was built up and waited. o Men should feel yin leaving the woman’s body (feel the woman’s orgasm) o Homosexuality was not discouraged but was seen as a waist of sperm o Polygamy: A man or woman marrying more than one partner o Women were often times given sex manuals the day of their wedding so they knew how to please their husbands  Early Christianity (50 A.D.) o Jesus preached that men and women should be treated equal when it comes to adultery, divorce, and remarriage. o Paul suggested that the highest love was the love for God and no love should interfere o Celibacy and chastity became a virtue/ sign of holiness o Sex was strictly forbidden along with contraception and masturbation. (no pleasure)  Middle Ages (500-1400) o Became strict on homosexuality o Confession and penitents was introduced so people could confess their wanting and doings o Women were seen as perfect and a model of virtue (virgin Mary) o Was believed that women held the secret to sex o Entremetteuse: A woman who procures sexual partners for men or one who tought the art of lovemaking o Aquinas developed the laws of “natural” and “unnatural” sex acts. Semen was only to be used for procreation.  Islam (500 A.D.) o Satr al-awra: rules for modesty like coving up private parts (For women that meant most of their body) o Woman are seen as having special powers over their husbands and are often segregate and are forbidden to talk to men o Sex is only between married men and women, the men dictates the frequency o Harems: camps for married women guarded by eunuchs (boys or men with no genitals)  The Renaissance (1300) o The law became focused on the joys of life and less strict. (Less focus on God and more on human beings o Women were seen as more peaceful, chaste, refined, and faithful o The new world developed a fear for witches  The Reformation (1500) o Companionship was meant for marriage o Women were men’s partners in all things (Luther) o Sex was used for reproduction, to relieve stress, avoid cheating and increase intimacy o Legallized divorce  The Enlightenment (1700) o Sex was seen as delightful and freeing o Homosexuality was condemned and prosecuted (violently)  The Victorian Era (1800s) o Sexual views became more conservative o Men showed chivalry and women were seen as delocate and refined o Females grew more shy and there were more standards on what was “ladylike” o Some physicians concluded that too much sex would cause illness  The Colonies: Puritanism o Sexuality was natural within marriage o Bundling for young courting couples ( a wooden board placed between the wrapped up couples) o Community responsible for upholding morality o Harsh punishment for weird sexual acts  The United States:  Freedom and American Slavery o Liberalization of Sex  The right to pursue happiness  Brothels, contraception, abortion  Extramarital affairs o Period of Enslavement  Slaves were often raped by white land owners  Anti-miscegenation laws passed (no sex, marriage, or relations with a different race)  Slave marriage was not official but some people had unofficial ceremonies th  19 Century: Polygamy, Celibacy, and the Comstock Laws o 1820-Free love movement (love before sex, not marriage) o 1852- Mormons announce practicing polygamy o 1869- Charles Goodyear invented rubber condoms o Medical model of sexuality:  Women must be ruled by their wombs, ovarectomics  Same sex attraction is an illness o Comstock Act of 1873: prohibited mailing obscene writing or ads, including contraceptive information and art work containing nudity (Ended th 1965)  End of the 19 Century o Medical model of sexuality began to emerge o Americans obsessed with sexual health; bland food were believed to help stop young people from masturbating (Kellogg’s) o Women were only design for procreation and destined for only marriage o Male sexuality was viewed as normal  Social Hygiene Movement (1905) o Promiscuous husbands transmitted STIs to wives, prompting legislation requiring blood tests before marriage o Prostitution arrests by law enforcement o Early advocates for sex education in schools (unsuccessful)  20 Century Sexology o Pioneers of sexual research were beginning to make scientific discoveries o It was discovered that sex was more important to people’s lives than originally thought. Women had desires as well as men. o People became more open to discuss sex in public due to the publification of how sex is physically and mentally important  The Sexual Revolution (1920-1960s) o Values and attitudes about sexuality became more permissive o Advertising became more sexual o The 60s opened up a time of “hippies” who believed in sex and love and going against the status quo o Antibiotics eliminated fear for STI’s, porn was published  Feminism o Margret Sanger “It’s none of society’s business what a woman shall do with their body”  Published birth control literature  Created the “Birth Control League” later known as Planned Parenthood o The war put back the movement as women had to go back anf focus on being mothers and wives o It was told that women had the right to be satisfied and have control over their bodies. Sex was before controlled mostly by men o Feminists were for abortion and women began entering as high political figures.  Gay Liberation (1900s) o Homosexuals were seen as perverts and fired and/or arrested o Immigrant laws and laws against gay in the military were enforced o The gay community was outraged the night of the Stonewall raid in 1969.  Gay protests became more violent o The DSM removed homosexuality as being an illness o In the 1980s, homosexuals were viewed as the cause of the AIDS epidemic o Don’t ask don’t tell (2010) o Same sex marriage became legal in 2014


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