Introduction to Policy Studies
Introduction to Policy Studies 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Snow on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 110 at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill taught by Dr. Zimmerman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Global Policy Issues in PLCY at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
PLCY 110 Notes for 8/25/16 Policies studies- assessing the impact of solutions on target problem Two different ideologies in policy studies: Easterly (pessimist, believes there are no patterns between countries and different policies, wants customized policies per country) VS Sachs (trial and error, wants to take a policy from country A and apply it to country B) -Capitalism - social and economic system in which means of production are privately owned and operated in which resource allocation is determined by supply and demand -Socialism - social and economic system in which means of production are collectively owned and equal allocation of resources is given at high priority -Democracy - form of government in which all adult citizens can elect representatives to determine the laws by which their society is run. Includes: free and fair competitive elections, separation of powers among the leaders, and protection of civil liberties (free speech, press, etc.) -Dictatorship - political control resides in a single or few entities -State capacity - what things governments can do- capacity to penetrate society, regulate social relations, extract resources, and appropriate or use resources in determined ways -Transparency- ability to see what government does- ability of a principal to observe an agent’s behavior and the consequences of agent’s decisions. -Accountability- do something about what government does- one is empowered by some formal institutional or perhaps informal rules to sanction or reward another person for her activities or performance -Policymaker- Government institution / legislative body / government official- people who are in charge of making those decision to make a policy -Interest Groups - Actors “consulted” to enact policy. Not necessarily always intended for certain individuals to become an interest group…but they are one anyway. “Beneficiaries”- Those affected, positively or negatively…most likely the people that the policy is helping or attacking.
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