New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Introduction to Earth Science Week 1 Notes

by: Alyssa Andrea

Introduction to Earth Science Week 1 Notes GEO 1300G - 003

Marketplace > Eastern Illinois University > Science > GEO 1300G - 003 > Introduction to Earth Science Week 1 Notes
Alyssa Andrea

GPA 3.7
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Introduction to Earth Sciences

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Introduction to Earth Sciences notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Notes from the first week of class that will help prepare for quizzes and exams.
Introduction to Earth Sciences
Diane M. Burns
Class Notes
Science, Geology, EARTH, Plate Tectonics




Popular in Introduction to Earth Sciences

Popular in Science

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Andrea on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEO 1300G - 003 at Eastern Illinois University taught by Diane M. Burns in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Earth Sciences in Science at Eastern Illinois University.


Reviews for Introduction to Earth Science Week 1 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/01/16
Introduction to Earth Sciences 8/24  Introduction I. Why Study Geology?    A. Volcanoes        1. Cooled lava is fertile         2. Ash clouds cause problems for cars and planes    B.  Flooding         1. We can predict what will happen    C. Gold         1. Valuable commodity        2. Medical devices/Computers    D. Oil        1. Know where it is and how much        2. Oil Spills    E. Earthquake    F. Tornado/ Hurricane        1. More prevalent in recent years II. Historical Views of Earth    A. Usually based on religion/mythical beliefs         1. Ussher’s 6,000 year old earth (Quiz Question)            ­Faith based          2. Sea Turtles         3. Cuvier’s Catastrophism    B. Ussher         1. Believed the Earth was created on October 26 , 4004 BC at 9 am    C. East Indian Mythology         1. Continents are on backs of sea turtles and the continents move when  they swim.    D. Lakota Creation Story         1. Great Spirit was angry and covered the earth in water.         2. Bird was tired of flying and so the Great Spirit sent the sea turtle to  get mud, which he formed into the continents.    E. Cuvier’s Catastrophism (Quiz Question)         1. Flood basalts­volcanic eruption solidified.          2. Channeled Scabland            ­Cordilleran Ice Sheet burst a dam and eroded the land III. Scientific Approaches to Understand the Earth    A. Hutton’s Uniformitarianism (Quiz Question)        1. What happens now is equal to what happened before    B. Other geologic laws/theories    C. Calculations based on sediments/ rates of erosion    D. Radioactive decay    E. Earth is 4.6 Billion years old       1. Life for 5 million IV. Scientific Inquiry      A. Define the Question      B. Gather Information and Resources      C. Form Hypothesis      D. Perform Experiment and Collect Data      E. Analyze Data      F. Interpret Data and Draw Conclusions That Serve As A Starting Point  For New Hypothesis      G. Hypothesis Theory  Law      H. Nebular Theory          1. Coalescing of low­density interstellar gas cloud           2. All the orbits of the planets revolve in a counter­clockwise direction           3. All the planets are approximately in the same plane          4. Terrestrial planets are arranged heavier to middle, and light to  outside. They are dense, rocky, and small, while Jovial planets are gaseous  and large       I. Earths Sphere’s           1. Four major spheres­ subdivisions of Earth          2. Hydrosphere­ all the water on Earth          3. Atmosphere­gaseous          4. Geosphere­solid formations          5. Biosphere­all living things       J. Differentiation of the Earth          1. Chemical Distinction (Quiz Question)             ­Crust (Silicon & Oxygen)             ­Mantle (Iron & Magnesium)             ­Core (Iron & Nickel)          2. Physical Distinction (Quiz Question)             ­Lithosphere (rocks, crust, and upper mantle)             ­Asthenosphere (plastic zone)             ­Lower Mantle             ­Outer Core (liquid)             ­Inner Core (solid) Introduction to Earth Science 8/26  Internal Structure and Plate Tectonics I. Interior of the Earth   A. Seismic Waves­ Reflection vs. Refraction       1. Reflection­bounces off liquid layer       2. Refraction­passes through liquid layer   B. Heat Transfer       1. Convection­occurs in viscous material dependent on density, gravity,  and expansion/contraction in a cycle       2. Conduction­occurs in non­viscous (aka solid) material, transferred by  atomic collisions and flow of electrons   C. Geothermal Gradient       1. Profile of average temperature at depth       2. Increases from 0 at surface to 5000 Celsius at center II. Earths Magnetic Field      A. Dipolar Field (2 Poles)         1. Caused by convection     B. Magnetic Reversals         1. Periodically, magnetic poles reverse         2. Reversals not constant through time            ­Have gotten more frequent throughout the years         3. Affects the rocks by how they are magnetically aligned (Curie  Temperature) Introduction to Earth Science   Plate Tectonics I. Ancient View of Earth   A. Mountains and basins exist   B. Earth is solid   C. Earth is cooled, contracted object   D. Data and Observations­1900       1. Pieces of continents fit together like a jigsaw puzzle       2. Similar fossils on distant/disconnected continents       3. Glacial evidence in tropical environment       4. Same rock types on distant/disconnected continents   E. Alfred Wegner       1. Continental drift hypothesis 1915­ continents drifted to their present  positions       2. Supercontinent called Pangaea began breaking apart about 200 million years ago.       3. Debate over continental drift hypothesis           ­Data and observations were answered by hypothesis           ­Wegner suggested that continents broke through the ocean crust;  pseudo centrifugal force. His hypothesis was rejected because of its  implausible mechanism for moving continents       4. Harry Hess 1960­Seafloor Spreading          ­Ridges positioned over are of convective upwelling          ­Deep ocean trenches: areas where crust is drawn back into Earth’s  interior       5. Debate          ­Testable hypothesis          ­Mechanism for movement          ­Does not address all areas of the world       6. Paleomagnetic Reversals           ­Vine and Matthews 1963          ­Ties to/verifies seafloor spreading idea       7. Marie Tharp           ­Created map of ocean floor  II. Unifying Theory­Plate Tectonics     A. Wilson 1965­idea of plates and types of margins between them     B. Plate tectonics theory addresses all data and provides logical, testable,  hypothesis.      C. Upper part of Earth’s crust made of rigid lithosphere riding on weak  asthenosphere    D. Earth’s 7 major lithospheric plates       1. Plates are in motion and continually changing in shape and size       2. Largest plate is the pacific plate       3. Several plates include an entire continent plus a large portion of  ocean.   E. Plates move relative to each other at a very slow but continuous rate      1. About 5cm per year       2. Cooler, denser slabs of oceanic lithosphere descend into the mantle 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.