Week Three - Russell
Week Three - Russell phi 205
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephani Mager on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to phi 205 at North Carolina State University taught by Benjamin Bagley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
Philosophy 205 – Week Three Russell – “The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds” Key Terms: Solipsism: o Knowledge of belief o “Maintaining that sensations have causes about which something can be known” (Russell 270). Sensations – sensing is merely thinking, therefore the thoughts/knowledge of belief Materialism: o “Reality consists of material objects and their material, spatial, and temporal properties and relations” (Glossary) Analogy: o The way in which Russell explains how one person’s mind is different than another’s. Concepts in the Reading Using These Key Terms and Others: Principle of Analogy – o Russell suggests that the waytounderstandhowone person’s mindisdifferent than another’s is through analogy (seen on page 269), The behavior of others is in most cases similar/”analogous” to our own behavior o We often assume that some people have the same thoughts as our own o “As it is clear to me that the causal laws governing my behavior have to do with ‘thoughts,’ it is natural to infer that the same is true of the analogous behavior of my friends” (Russell 269). Materialism – o Russell’sstatesthat it isn’t necessarilypossible torefuse the concept ofmaterialism based on only physical observations o Materialism must be ignored if we are to believe that others have minds separate of our own Solipsism – o Concerned with the “knowledge of the thoughts and feelings of others – assuming that we have such knowledge” (Russell 270) Solipsism is the knowledge of belief, and Russell is referring to whether or not we can possess the knowledge of believing others have thoughts and feelings apart from our own o The solipsism Russell refers to in the reading is called epistemic solipsism o Epistemic Solipsism: No persons other than yourself matter independentlyon their own; No persons other than you have a mind of their own You see people as to be used, almost like tools used to accomplish things