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Music 121, Week 3 Lecture Notes

by: Jamie Bynum

Music 121, Week 3 Lecture Notes Music 121

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Music > Music 121 > Music 121 Week 3 Lecture Notes
Jamie Bynum

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About this Document

These are the lecture notes from the lecture Dr. Bailey gave on September 1, 2016. The title of the lecture is "Early Music". If you have any questions feel free to email me at
Introduction to Listening
Dr. Bailey
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamie Bynum on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Bailey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Lecture: Early Music September 1, 2016 Professor: Dr. Bailey *Early music encompasses the time of the beginning of music records to the 1600s Antiquity (Pre-400 c.e.) • Chorus in Greek drama - Ode = Poem sung with the playing of a lyre • Psalms of Jewish and Christian traditions • Instruments found in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and other ancient civilization; extremely rare to find an ancient instrument in good condition due to excessive damages • Greeks believed music had divine origin from their Gods - Music reflected the order of the universe (harmonia) - Believed music influenced ethos (moral and ethical character) Medieval Era (400 c.e. to 1400 c.e.) • Church music was notated • Began monophonically in plainchant (Gregorian Chant) -Represented unity with God -Ternary form (ABA) represented the Holy Trinity -Composers did not sign music; done to honor God, not self -Did not have what we know today as tempo or rhythm • Secular (non-religious) music survived in oral transmission by troubadours (upper-class) and minstrels (lower-class) -Little secular music survived by 1100 c.e. • 900—Polyphony began -Began as two voices in parallel motion on different pitches -Not exciting to our modern ears; very basic -Flourished in complexity at the cathedral of Notre Dame with Leonin and Perotin -France was the music center of Europe in the Medieval Ages -Guillaume de Machaut *Leading composer of Ars nova (1300-1400) *Composed sacred as well as secular music Renaissance (1400 c.e. to 1600 c.e.) • French word for “rebirth” • Rebirth of education, curiosity, etc. • Italy became the music center of Europe during this time • Music became more complex and plentiful with publishing -Polyphonic; more dissonant than previous eras • Sacred and secular music were on equal footing • Music and poetry linked together with word painting - “Heaven”: high range - “Running”: fast rhythm - “Weeping”: descending notes • Madrigal (poem set to music) -Designed to be performed at home -Sold in books -Popular in Italy, then in England by the end of the era -Famous composer of madrigals was Jacques Arcadelt -Change from Latin to modern languages • Polyphonic in sacred music: 1. Complex motets by Josquin *Hard to understand (imitation, independent motion, etc.) *Listeners not reverent; wanted to be entertained 2. “Balanced Polyphony” by Palestrina *Easier to understand Instrumental Music • -Often played existing vocal music -Consorts: chamber ensemble *A broken consort had a mixture of different families of instruments • Dance music comprised most original works - Dancing was highly important to Renaissance culture - Lute and/or keyboard training expected of upper classes - Two types of dancing: *Pavane (formal; rigid) *Galliard (upbeat)


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