Music 302, Music in World Culture, Week 2 Notes
Music 302, Music in World Culture, Week 2 Notes Mus 302
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Notetaker on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus 302 at Humboldt State University taught by H. Kaufman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Music in World Culture in Music at Humboldt State University.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
Music 302 Music in World Culture Week 2 Lecture Notes What is Music? -depends on personal perspective, taste, and aesthetic -perception of what music is can also depend on culture Aesthetic -What is beautiful/pleasing; one's sense of beauty -Perception through the senses Taste -Discerning what is appropriate -Often based on culture, society, personal liking or disliking Criticism -Analysis and evaluation Analysis -Separation of a whole into its components Evaluation -Assigning value based on merits and faults * taste and criticism depend on one's aesthetic Elements of Music Pitch -Scientific definition: the frequency of vibrations per second more frequent- higher pitch less frequent- lower pitch -Musical definition: the location of sound in the tonal range proceeding from low to high -Relative pitch: the ability to sing a melody at different pitches without identifying the notes Absolute pitch: the ability to identify notes by their differing pitches Melody -An organized set of pitches played in succession -Usually is present in the mid to high pitch in Western music in other cultures, such as Africa, the melody is present in the lower pitches Harmony -An organized set of pitches played simultaneously -Two types that exist when pitches are combined in harmony: Consonant ('with sound'): agreeable Dissonant ('against sound'): disagreeable -What is consonant or dissonant varies for different people/cultures Rhythm -General definition: a pattern of movement in time -Musical definition: a patterned configuration of attacks (strikes on the drum, plucks on the guitar) -Two types: Periodic: occurring at regular and measurable intervals Non-periodic: not occurring at regular and measurable intervals Beat -An underlying, periodic metrical pulse -What the conductor demonstrates and what is danced to -Metrical/meter: the pattern in which a steady succession of beats is organized examples: in a meter of three, beats are groups in threes (1,2,3, 1,2,3) four is the most common meter Tempo -The rate or speed of the beat Dynamics -The volume or loudness of a sound Sounds have 4 common parameters: 1. Pitch- highness/lowness 2. Dynamic- volume 3. Duration- length in time (short clap or held note) 4. Timbre (pronounced 'tamber')- quality or tone color examples: nasal, scratchy, clear, sharp, fuzzy guitar vs. flute Form -The structural organization of a piece: how it unfolds -Do sections repeat throughout the piece?Are sections similar or different? -Contrast, repetition, variation examples: Strophic form: same melody in each stanza but different lyrics Verse Chorus: verse (furthers the story), chorus (same melody and lyrics), bridge (different melody and lyrics) Binary (AB): two contrasting sections such as a verse and chorus AABA: the melody repeats after a contrasting one Call and response: one person plays/sings and a chorus responds with identical, similar, or different rhythm or lyrics AA(identical) AA' (similar) AB (different) part of non-Western cultures such as the Caribbean Basic 12 Bar Blues:AA'B (two similar and one contrasting)
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