Intro to Soc Sept 1 Notes (week 3)
Intro to Soc Sept 1 Notes (week 3) SO 1003
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Ashley Vancil-Leap in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
September 1, 2016 In Class & Reading Notes Types of Data Collections: -‐ Participant observation -‐ Interviews -‐ Survey research -‐ Comparative research -‐ Experiments -‐ Content Analysis “Mixed methods” – process of using many different methods of data collection Participant observation: -‐ Qualitative and seeks to uncover the meanings people give their social actions by observing their Pros Cheap behavior -‐ Mary Pattillo Cons Time consuming, access to -‐ While being completely people, small sample size engrossed in the community and people’s lives you take many notes about what is happening around you Interviews: -‐ Qualitative and is the process of asking people how/why they do something -‐ Could be taken from a Pros Cheap, face-‐to-‐face script or open ended Cons Time consuming (transcription), questions hard for people to open up and o Being able to be honest/ reliable, small back off and sample (25) probe during an interview is key -‐ Common form to gather qualitative data Survey Research: -‐ Quantitative and is an ordered set of questions in hopes of gaining information from the responses -‐ Helps to capture and Pros Cheap, fast (online), a lot of information, generalizable understand national and state-‐wide trends Cons Struggles to capture small -‐ Reaches many people interactions, honesty from participants is unknown -‐ Selection bias – is there a difference between the people who did and didn’t do the survey -‐ Typically converted into numbers and data to analyze -‐ Panel survey or longitudinal study: tracks the same individuals or groups of individuals over an extended period of time Comparative Research: -‐ Quantitative or qualitative Pros Across an extended period -‐ Qualitative takes more time -‐ Compares across time (early of time 1900s to 20 century), Cons Time consuming, limited access to people or things, places, people, or events with hopes to learn about finding comparable things the differences and factors between them -‐ Example: (teacher gave in class) US vs. Sweden o Did you take in to account the difference in the size of the populations of each country… The US is much larger than Sweden Experimentation: -‐ Quantitative and a method that sociologists use by altering a variable in a specific way for a sample of individuals or things and then track what changes -‐ Includes a control group & experimental group -‐ Steps: o Hypothesis à choose a design for the experiment à localize subjects à randomly assign subjects à conduct experiment à analyze data Pros There is a control for variables Cons Costly Does NOT account for variations (Ex: what if we conducted this experiment o women instead of men?) Content Analysis: -‐ Quantitative or qualitative Pros Cheap, comparative -‐ Method of reviewing Cons Determining the sample specific documents to determine any similar selection is mainly based off of personal patterns or themes knowledge of the topic, time consuming Ethics in Research: -‐ Researchers have to agree and meet up to specific standards -‐ IRB (Institutional Review Board): A committee that approves, monitors, and reviews experiments and research conducted on humans o Experiment cannot cause harm (psychological, emotional, or physical) to any of the subjects participating -‐ Informed consent: experimenter must tell the subjects detailed information about the study they will be participating in and participation must be voluntary Tuskegee Syphilis experiment: (documentary watched in class) -‐ Experimenters promised free treatment for 400 infected African Americans in Tuskegee -‐ Promised treatment for “bad-‐blood” (bad blood was not a specific enough term like experimenters should use) -‐ Withheld treatment instead -‐ Researchers discovered information they thought was important & wanted to keep the experiment going, refusing any and all treatment for the subjects in the study