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Intro to Soc Sept 1 Notes (week 3)

by: Olivia Notetaker

Intro to Soc Sept 1 Notes (week 3) SO 1003

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Sociology > SO 1003 > Intro to Soc Sept 1 Notes week 3
Olivia Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes cover what we went over in class on Sept 1st as well as the reading that went along with that day.
Intro to Sociology
Ashley Vancil-Leap
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Ashley Vancil-Leap in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
September  1,  2016  In  Class  &  Reading  Notes   Types  of  Data  Collections:   -­‐   Participant  observation   -­‐   Interviews   -­‐   Survey  research     -­‐   Comparative  research   -­‐   Experiments   -­‐   Content  Analysis     “Mixed  methods”  –  process  of  using  many  different  methods  of  data  collection       Participant  observation:   -­‐   Qualitative  and  seeks  to  uncover  the  meanings  people  give  their  social  actions  by   observing  their   Pros   Cheap   behavior   -­‐   Mary  Pattillo   Cons   Time  consuming,  access  to   -­‐   While  being   completely     people,  small  sample  size     engrossed  in  the  community  and  people’s  lives  you  take  many  notes  about  what  is   happening  around  you         Interviews:   -­‐   Qualitative  and  is  the  process  of  asking  people  how/why  they  do  something   -­‐   Could  be  taken  from  a   Pros   Cheap,  face-­‐to-­‐face   script  or  open  ended   Cons   Time  consuming  (transcription),   questions   hard  for  people  to  open  up  and   o   Being  able  to   be  honest/  reliable,  small   back  off  and   sample  (25)   probe  during  an   interview  is  key   -­‐   Common  form  to  gather  qualitative  data                         Survey  Research:   -­‐   Quantitative  and  is  an  ordered  set  of  questions  in  hopes  of  gaining  information  from  the   responses   -­‐   Helps  to  capture  and   Pros   Cheap,  fast  (online),  a  lot  of   information,  generalizable     understand  national  and   state-­‐wide  trends     Cons     Struggles  to  capture  small   -­‐   Reaches  many  people     interactions,  honesty  from   participants  is  unknown   -­‐   Selection  bias  –  is  there  a   difference  between  the  people  who  did  and  didn’t  do  the  survey   -­‐   Typically  converted  into  numbers  and  data  to  analyze   -­‐   Panel  survey  or  longitudinal  study:  tracks  the  same  individuals  or  groups  of  individuals   over  an  extended  period  of  time   Comparative  Research:   -­‐   Quantitative  or  qualitative     Pros   Across  an  extended  period   -­‐   Qualitative  takes  more  time   -­‐   Compares  across  time  (early   of  time     1900s  to  20  century),   Cons   Time  consuming,  limited   access  to  people  or  things,   places,  people,  or  events   with  hopes  to  learn  about   finding  comparable  things   the  differences  and  factors  between  them   -­‐   Example:  (teacher  gave  in  class)  US  vs.  Sweden     o   Did  you  take  in  to  account  the  difference  in  the  size  of  the  populations  of  each   country…  The  US  is  much  larger  than  Sweden     Experimentation:   -­‐   Quantitative  and  a  method  that  sociologists  use  by  altering  a  variable  in  a  specific  way   for  a  sample  of  individuals  or  things  and  then  track  what  changes     -­‐   Includes  a  control  group  &  experimental  group       -­‐   Steps:   o   Hypothesis  à  choose  a  design  for  the  experiment  à  localize  subjects  à   randomly  assign  subjects  à  conduct  experiment  à  analyze  data     Pros   There  is  a  control  for  variables         Cons   Costly   Does  NOT  account  for       variations  (Ex:  what  if  we   conducted  this  experiment  o     women  instead  of  men?)       Content  Analysis:     -­‐   Quantitative  or  qualitative   Pros   Cheap,  comparative   -­‐      Method  of  reviewing   Cons   Determining  the  sample   specific  documents  to   determine  any  similar   selection  is  mainly  based   off  of  personal   patterns  or  themes     knowledge  of  the  topic,     time  consuming     Ethics  in  Research:   -­‐   Researchers  have  to  agree  and  meet  up  to  specific  standards   -­‐   IRB  (Institutional  Review  Board):  A  committee  that  approves,  monitors,  and  reviews   experiments  and  research  conducted  on  humans   o   Experiment  cannot  cause  harm  (psychological,  emotional,  or  physical)  to  any  of   the  subjects  participating     -­‐   Informed  consent:  experimenter  must  tell  the  subjects  detailed  information  about  the   study  they  will  be  participating  in  and  participation  must  be  voluntary     Tuskegee  Syphilis  experiment:  (documentary  watched  in  class)   -­‐   Experimenters  promised  free  treatment  for  400  infected  African  Americans  in  Tuskegee   -­‐   Promised  treatment  for  “bad-­‐blood”  (bad  blood  was  not  a  specific  enough  term  like   experimenters  should  use)   -­‐   Withheld  treatment  instead   -­‐   Researchers  discovered  information  they  thought  was  important  &  wanted  to  keep  the   experiment  going,  refusing  any  and  all  treatment  for  the  subjects  in  the  study          


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