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World History 1020, Week 2 Notes

by: Matthew Vickers

World History 1020, Week 2 Notes Hist 1020

Marketplace > Auburn University > Hist 1020 > World History 1020 Week 2 Notes
Matthew Vickers
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About this Document

These notes cover the American and French Revolutions and the French terror. It's the outline with information he discussed in class that week. Notes taken 8/22-8/26
World History II
Dr. David Carter
Class Notes
World History, french revolution, american revolution, Reign of Terror




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matthew Vickers on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1020 at Auburn University taught by Dr. David Carter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
MONDAY, AUGUST 22, 2016 REVOLUTIONARY AGE: FROM LEXINGTON AND CONCORD TO THE BASTILLE & Worlds Together, Worlds Apart, 530-537 “The Revolution was effected before the war commenced. The Revolution was in the hearts and minds of the people.” — Former President John Adams, 1818 “Historians are the keepers of the useful myths.” — Carl Becker I. “The Shot Heard ’Round the World”: Interconnected Revolutions across Geography and Chronology A. England’s Civil War and “Glorious Revolution” of 1688 II. New Colonial System, 1763-1775 A. conditions favoring revolution in the American colonies B. Sugar Act of 1764 and Stamp Act of 1765 C. 1789-Bastille Day D. Revolutions in America, France, Haiti, England product of enlightenment i. Revolutions cause others to occur III. Ideological Influences on the Struggle for American Independence and the Constitution A. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense (January 1776) B. John Locke’s “Second Treatise on Government” C. Montesquieu’s concept of separation of powers IV. A World War for American Independence A. the Declaration of Independence B. French, Spanish, and Dutch join America in declaring and waging war against the C. role of George Washington and others V. From Colonies in Revolt to “United States” A. Articles of Confederation (ratified in 1781) B. genesis of the “Second American Constitution,” our current U.S. Constitution (ratified in 1788, put into effect in March, 1789) VI. Unfinished Business: How “Revolutionary” was the American Revolution? A. impact of the American Revolution on women, African Americans, and Native Americans i. early emancipation movement B. impact of the American Revolution on class relations and property C. impact of the American Revolution abroad: our most “revolutionary” heritage? i. the “torch of liberty” passed to England, Ireland, the Netherlands, France, and St. Domingue (Haiti) ii. twentieth century echoes: Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh quoting the Declaration of Independence after World War II VII. Revolutionary Rhetoric Two Centuries Later A. Martin Luther King, Jr. as “antiseptic,” “manageable hero” or “revolutionary, “inconvenient hero” B. contemporary politics, “original intent,” and the battle over the “Founding Fathers” C. Wilbur Cohen’s poem “On Freedom’s Ground” Wednesday/Friday, August 24/26, 2016 The French Revolution, Terror, and Empire Worlds together, Worlds Apart, 537-539 “What is the Third Estate? Everything. What has it been thus far in the political order? Nothing. What does it demand? To be something.” – Abbé Sieyès (1748-1836) I. Introduction- Legacy of the American Revolution II. Louis XVI and the Financial Crisis of the 1780s a. Debts from support of American Revolution b. Interest payments c. Options i. Savings? Court at Versailles? ii. Taxes? iii. Call Estates General for the first time since 1614 1. First Estate = clergy-those who pray- represents about 1% of the population, owns 12% of the land, pays no taxes, collects large sums of money 2. Second Estate = nobility-those who fight, 3% of the population, more money than clergy pays very little taxes 3. Third Estate = everyone else but in reality made up of merchants, financiers, petty officials, and members of professions: the bourgeoisie d. Solution?: tax the nobility and clergy III. Economic Crisis a. 3 estate kicked out of meeting for being too wild- went to indoor tennis court i. Made tennis court oath- “We are france” b. Food shortage c. Grande peur = “Great Fear” IV. The revolution of 1789 a. From the Estates General to the National Assembly b. Popular Revolution and seizure of the Bastille [July 14, 1789] c. National Assembly actions i. End privilege and merit ii. Declaration of the Rights of Man [constitutional blueprint, issued in August, 1789] iii. Social upheaval- rise of the sans-culottes [working class of towns] and rural peasants iv. Reorganization of church- Civil Constitution of the Clergy [1790] d. Three main principles: Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity V. Political Revolution and Radicalization a. royal family’s abortive flight to Varennes [June, 1791] b. regicide: Louis XVI executed (January, 1793) and Marie Antoinette executed (October, 1793) c. rise of the Jacobins and its factions i. Girondins ii. Montagnards (“mountain men”) led by Maximilien Robespierre the d. Guillotine and the birth of the republic e. The Terror 1793-94 [Danton and Robespierre] i. Law of suspects ii. Committee of Public Safety iii. Robespierre executed [summer 1794] iv. leveé en masse and the defense of revolutionary France v. Revolutions devour their children VI. Thermidorean Reaction and the rise of the Directory a. Directory right winged/ Jacobins left b. 5 people in charge of directory


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