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WGS 150 - Week 2 Lecture Notes

by: Samantha Fischer

WGS 150 - Week 2 Lecture Notes WGS 150

Marketplace > San Francisco State University > Social Studies > WGS 150 > WGS 150 Week 2 Lecture Notes
Samantha Fischer

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9/1/16 - Lecture notes covering the invention of categories and structures of inequality, black feminist thought as framework. Reading from Freedman, Lorde, and Crenshaw.
Women and Gender in U.S. History and Society
Maria Cappelli
Class Notes
history, WGS150, wgs 150 notes, Women's Studies, Women, Society, race
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fischer on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WGS 150 at San Francisco State University taught by Maria Cappelli in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Women and Gender in U.S. History and Society in Social Studies at San Francisco State University.


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Date Created: 09/01/16
Week Two – 9/1/16 Lecture Notes  Important Term Important Concept Important Person 1930’s  Anti-lynching efforts joined by Women’s Trade Union League, Women’s Joint Congressional Committee, and YWCA o Reunited racial and feminist movements  Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching undermined white supremacy by rejecting “pedestal of sexual protection” o Many lynchings were justified by the “need to protect white women” Rosa Parks (1913-2005)  Refusal to move seats on the bus was a planned protest movement o Part of anti-racial group  Passive Resistance: exerting the right to exist by simply sitting or taking up space o Woodsworth lunch counter sit-ins Civil Rights  1964 – Civil Rights Act o Ensures no discrimination against race or sex o Ensures right to vote without being harassed  1966 – National Organization for Women was founded st o 1 Wave feminism o Sought to change policies  1967 – Students for a Democratic Society prepare “Women’s Manifesto” Women of Color: Feminist at Crossroads  Pressure from anti-racist efforts to choose racial politics over sexual politics o When joining anti-racist movements, often assigned gendered roles  Making coffee, organizing, designing flyers  Criticized as “traitors,” particularly if identified as lesbian o Not reproducing  Exclusion from women’s movements by white women o Subtle exclusion: fight for equal pay ignores the difference between white women and women of color o Micro aggressions  “Inclusion without influence” – Lynet Uttal o Many feminist groups used women of color as a way to provide diversity in groups  No actual influence  Did not change goals 1970’s-80’s Women of Color for Collectives  1974 – Combahee River Collective o Meeting to spread education on race, class  1981 – Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press publishes “This Bridge Called My Back” Week Two – 9/1/16 Lecture Notes  Important Term Important Concept Important Person  Coalition politics o Acknowledges different experiences across race, gender, ability, etc.  “Differential Consciousness” – Chela Sandoval o Respond to situation based on community Black and Brown Women “Pivot the Center”  Showing integral connection between race and gender  Legal rights alone do not create equality o Scare tactics used against black men after they received right to vote  Female pedestal is a myth  Sexual stereotypes are forceful social control  Alliances across race and gender can challenge hierarchies of power Audre Lorde Readings  Age, Race, Class, and Sex o Page 122 “We must root out internalized patterns of oppression within ourselves…planted deep within each of us”  Not just about laws  We oppress self though how we act and think o Page 115 “We have no patterns for relating across our human differences as equals…it’s not our differences that separate us, but our inability to recognize them  Difficult for us to accept differences within a group o Page 119 “The need for unity [in Black communities] is often misnamed as a need for homogeneity”  Same clothes, music, etc  Same family life, parenting choices  The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House o Page 16 “I urge each one of us here to reach down into that deep place of knowledge inside herself and touch that terror and loathing of any differennd that lives there. See whose face it wears.”  2 wave feminism  Struggle is internal; we are terrified of differences within ourselves  Difference: a connection from which personal power is forged  Allows us to see each other with curiosity  When consider others are the same, we assume they have the same experiences  Community: making “common cause” through differences  Respect differences and see how it brings us together Kimberle Crenshaw “Mapping the Margins”  Function of the state and law in women’s lives  Identity politics o Should recognize social and systematic foundations of violent acts  Domestic violence, sexual harassment, street harassment Week Two – 9/1/16 Lecture Notes  Important Term Important Concept Important Person  Allows victim to be scrutinized; considered individual act  Power inequality broadly spread o Noticing identity differences can be political empowerment and reconstruction  Identity categories change and shift  Intersectionality as corrective to identity politics o Identity politics frequently conflates intra-group differences and lead to conflict  Crenshaw calls for redefinition of identity politics as active at sites of intersecting categories  Speaking against internal exclusions o Birth control in religious groups  Race and domestic violence support services o Inaccessible to many non-English speaking women o Dominance of a particular perspective marginalizes needs of women of color  When asked for statistics on domestic violence within black communities, police apprehensive on solidifying stereotype of black men being violent o Immigration based on marriage creates double vulnerability  Possible deportation if action is taken against abuser


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