Lecture 8/30/16 Notes
Lecture 8/30/16 Notes History 190
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
History 190 Lecture 8/30/16 “Manly-hearted women” o women who assumed men’s roles or the identity of a male (transgender) o was not seen as deviant, seen as special person was believed to hold two spirits Native women who chose not to marry were called “hunting women” Dehorning: taking the current chief out of power and electing a new tribe chief WHY EUROPE COLONIZED WHEN THEY DID Rise of the nation state o Barter economy- traded for what they needed o 1400’s- money economy began o No monarchy funds colonies!! Must get permission from monarchy though Brought about a merchant social class Merchants- people involved in business Demand for Eastern Goods o Moved into the cities- urbanization Mercantilism o Wealth=power o “Favorable balance of trade”- making more money than is spent o best to gather things needed from own country’s markets/colonies colonies=resources o Tariff- a “tax” when importing into another country Scientific Revolution o Printing press Important to spread word o Moveable type Make it easier to print o Compass o Reliable, mechanical clock o New sail configurations, better for long distance Religious change/conflict o Establishing new denominations o Abandoning the church 1490’s 1590’s Spain will dominate American colonization Then, Europe had a “westward fever” o In 1640, 5.5 million people lived in Europe o Roughly: 100k were a part of the aristocracy, 500k(10%) in the middle class, and almost half lived in poverty Richard Hakluyt o Has a printing press o Printed the Spanish findings and realized Spain is getting wealthy from overseas expansion 2 Tension grows between the countries o Personally spoke with Queen Elizabeth I about why England needs to join the trend of overseas colonization Colonies can provide trade Colonies create markets If she wants to overpower Spain, she needs to claim land overseas Best way to deal with country full of poor people, is to send them overseas o Queen Elizabeth I authorized the idea WHY ENGLAND COLONIES WERE MORE SUCCESSFUL 1. Spain and France will only allow Catholics over, whereas England has no religious test 2. Most English make their own decisions overseas, unlike Spain and France who wait to hear from their government on decisions 3. English institutions are going to prove very adaptable and successful for life in America. o Parliamentary democracy o English common law o Local law enforcement o Local defense/militia Maintained 10,000 troops in the English colonies after the French and Indian war was over Society was tri-cultural Society is expansionistic 3 CHALLENGES FACED BY ALL COLONISTS 1 Establishing a self-sufficient economy 2 Getting along with the Natives 3 Finding people who are willing to go overseas 4