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Lecture 9/1/16 Notes

by: Marina Rodriguez

Lecture 9/1/16 Notes History 190

Marina Rodriguez
Minnesota State University, Mankato

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About this Document

These notes cover the early colonies of America.
United States to 1877
Melodie Andrews
Class Notes
history, United, States, Native, Americans, colonies, Europeans
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

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Date Created: 09/01/16
History 190 Lecture 9/1/16 COMPARING THE COLONIES REGIONALLY -Who came? -Why? -What was the basis of their economy? -Relations with the natives VIRGINIA  Funded by Joint Stock Companies, which usually fund colonies  The London (later Virginia) Company o Invest to fund a colony in Virginia o Expect colony to make them wealthy  Motivation = money o England has a system “Primogeniture”  First son inherits, 2dor 3 son must join the army or the church  Members of the aristocracy, 2 ndor 3 sons, servants, jewelers all went over first to Jamestown  John Rolfe came up with the idea of using tobacco as the basis of their economy o Negatives are: it leeches nutrients from the soil, and it’s labor intensive to grow  1619- London company creates incentives, to get people to go over to Jamestown o Land for the people/“Headrights” each individual gets 50 acres of land for themselves/family. Ex: family of 4= 200 acres o Offer them rights all the same as Englishmen o English common law will transfer overseas as well  Hoping everyone had relatively the same amount of land o In turn, would make sure no one person or group had all the wealth/power o Would create a peaceful society or equality  House of Burgesses o Representative body/assembly in Virginia o Governorgovernor councilHouse of burgesses (lower assembly)  1622- John Rolfe is killed in an attack against the English by the Natives o London Company loses their stake in Jamestown, and then it becomes a crown colony (ruled by the king)  Death and disorder  describes early Virginia  Established Church- every colony had one o Everyone who lives in the community pay taxes to it o Believed church and state should be intertwined  Indentured servant: sell their labor to be able to go overseas to America o Signed an indenture to work for someone for 5-7 years  White indentured servants will slowly be replaced by African slaves 2  Freedom dues: if one survives their indenture, whoever held their indenture was to help them get a stake in society, by giving them money, land tools, etc. NEW ENGLAND  Puritans: want to purify the church o They’re “on a mission from God” o Church of England resisted that, so they went overseas to establish a puritan community  Used it as an example for people to see and want to join  Motivation is Religious  “City on a Hill”: Puritans called their town this, because they feel they are the higher example in society o Their community revolved around; Church, covenant, and conformity 3


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