The Economic and Religious Motivation for the Great Migration
The Economic and Religious Motivation for the Great Migration HIST 1311
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Angela Dela Llana
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Dela Llana on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Stephen Maizlish in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see American History in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
HIST 1311 The Economic and Religious Motivation for the Great Migration I. Economic Motives A. Tenants— Enclosure B. Landlords— Inflation C. Advertisements II. Religious Motives A. Pilgrims— Separatists B. Puritans Economic Motives Throughout Europe, there was a tremendous demand for wool. The demand for it was higher than the field crops raised by tenant farmers at the time. Landowners decided to throw out tenant farmers out of their land, enclose it, and raise many sheep within the enclosure. The manpower needed to raise sheep was much less than the manpower needed to raise crops, so many people, tenant farmers especially, lost their jobs. Tenant farmers who had rented and worked the land for generations had to look for a new job. They wandered around England looking for new work. America offered an opportunity for these farmers. They had no choice but to take a risk and go to America. Some of the tenant farmers t have the money to travel, so they became indentured servants to pay for their trip to America. Another group, landlords, also went for economic needs. Gold was being discovered in America. This newly found gold was being turned into coins, and the amount of money in England grew tremendously. Inflation occurred, which was a big problem for landlords. Landlords couldn t buy as much with their devalued money. They couldn t raise rent because the king was decided how much they were allowed to charge. Lesser landlords couldn t go back to the way they used to live because they weren t getting enough money. They took a much bigger blow than wealthier landlords. Notes by Angela Dela Llana In America, no one could tell the landlords how much they could charge. Advertisements encouraged these economically needy people to go to America. The propaganda made America look really attractive. They talked about how crops and animals thrived in America. Religious Motives The Protestant Reformation, a movement against the Catholic Church of Rome, caused a huge split in the Christian community in England. Henry VIII was responsible for the separation of the Church of England and the Catholic Church. He had renounced his loyalty to the Pope. However, some people felt that the Church of England hasn t completely freed itself from Catholicism. There were three major reasons for believing this: 1. Some rituals and prayers were not derived from the Bible. The church wasn enough. 2. Church membership was unrestrictive. Concerned Protestants felt that the church wasn careful enough with allowing who could join the church. Sinners could join. 3. There was corrupted ministry. Some preachers were immoral with sinful vices. The church also allowed Catholic priests to preach in Protestant ministry. Protestants called Catholics dumb dogs. They also called Catholic priests caterpillars of the world. Protestants couldn t tolerate the priests. They had many accounts of the corruption within the Church of England s leadership. These concerned Protestants believed that if they were a part of a church with sinful members and leadership, they would also become tainted. They were worried about their salvation and the future of their children. The Pilgrims were separatists. They could no longer deal with a sinful and corrupt church and renounced the Church of England. As a result, Church of England persecuted them. They fled and hid in the city of Leiden. (Leiden is in the province of Holland. Holland is in the Netherlands.) Later, Pilgrims felt that they couldn t be good separatists in Holland and went to America on the Mayflower. They landed on Plymouth Rock in present-day Boston, Massachusetts. Notes by Angela Dela Llana The Pilgrim community had their own church and laws. They were led by William Bradford. The Puritans were another group that fled to America with religious motivation. They were led by John Winthrop. They were a smaller group than the Pilgrims, but they had the same grievances with the Church of England. However, unlike the Pilgrims, the Puritans did not leave the Church of England. They wanted to leave England for America, set up a pure community, and essentially teach England how to be good Protestants. John Winthrop wrote, We shall be as a city upon a hill, the eyes of all people are upon us. Puritans wanted to be a good example. They needed to avoid failing their mission and becoming a laughing stock, so they strived to be as free from sin as possible. In order for this to happen, Puritans had to give up not only their luxuries but also their individuality. If they go off by themselves, they could do something that could jeopardize the Puritans mission. If one of them fell, they all fell. If one of them sinned, they all sinned. Puritans did not favor individualism. This was very different from the attitudes of present-day America. Notes by Angela Dela Llana
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