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CRJ260 Chapter 1 Book Notes Week 2 p.21-33

by: Samantha Bishop

CRJ260 Chapter 1 Book Notes Week 2 p.21-33 CRJ 260

Marketplace > Lenoir-Rhyne University > Criminal Justice > CRJ 260 > CRJ260 Chapter 1 Book Notes Week 2 p 21 33
Samantha Bishop

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About this Document

These notes cover pages 21-33 of chapter 1 in extensive detail of perspectives on justice.
Introduction to Criminal Justice
Dr. Robert Stallings
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 260 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Robert Stallings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Lenoir-Rhyne University.

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Date Created: 09/01/16
CRJ 260 Chapter One Book Notes Week 2 Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice Reading p.21­33 Perspectives on Justice The Crime Control Perspective p.21­22 To prevent crime through the judicious use of criminal sanctions a.   Efficiency and Effectiveness  ­ police protection ­ tough criminal punishments ­ incapacitation of hardened criminals b.   Abolishing Legal Roadblocks ­ exclusionary rule: requires that illegally seized evidence be barred from criminal  proceedings The Rehabilitation Perspective p.22­23  A means of caring for and treating people who cannot manage themselves  Assumes that people are at the mercy of social, economic, and interpersonal conditions  and interactions  Criminals are victims of racism, poverty, strain, blocked opportunities, alienation, family  disruption, and other social problems a. Alternatives to Crime ­ increase economic opportunities through job training, family counseling,  educational services, and crisis intervention The Due Process Perspective p.23­24  Greatest concern of the justice system should be treating all those accused of crime  fairly The Nonintervention Perspective p.24­25  Believe that justice agencies should limit their involvement with criminal. Defendants  Decriminalization: reducing the penalty without legalizing it  Deinstitutionalization: the removal of nonviolent offenders from the nation’s correctional  system The Equal Justice System p.26  Asserts that all people should receive the same treatment under the law  Racial animus model: view that white America has developed a mental image of the  typical offender as a young, inner­city black male The Restorative Justice Perspective p.26  Main goal of the CJS is to promote a peaceful and just society. Should aim for  peacemaking, not punishment. *Summary chart on p.28* Ethics in Criminal Justice p.29­33 Law enforcement p.29­32 Court process p.32 Corrections p.32­33


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