CRJ260 Chapter 1 Book Notes Week 2 p.21-33
CRJ260 Chapter 1 Book Notes Week 2 p.21-33 CRJ 260
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 260 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Robert Stallings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Lenoir-Rhyne University.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
CRJ 260 Chapter One Book Notes Week 2 Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice Reading p.2133 Perspectives on Justice The Crime Control Perspective p.2122 To prevent crime through the judicious use of criminal sanctions a. Efficiency and Effectiveness police protection tough criminal punishments incapacitation of hardened criminals b. Abolishing Legal Roadblocks exclusionary rule: requires that illegally seized evidence be barred from criminal proceedings The Rehabilitation Perspective p.2223 A means of caring for and treating people who cannot manage themselves Assumes that people are at the mercy of social, economic, and interpersonal conditions and interactions Criminals are victims of racism, poverty, strain, blocked opportunities, alienation, family disruption, and other social problems a. Alternatives to Crime increase economic opportunities through job training, family counseling, educational services, and crisis intervention The Due Process Perspective p.2324 Greatest concern of the justice system should be treating all those accused of crime fairly The Nonintervention Perspective p.2425 Believe that justice agencies should limit their involvement with criminal. Defendants Decriminalization: reducing the penalty without legalizing it Deinstitutionalization: the removal of nonviolent offenders from the nation’s correctional system The Equal Justice System p.26 Asserts that all people should receive the same treatment under the law Racial animus model: view that white America has developed a mental image of the typical offender as a young, innercity black male The Restorative Justice Perspective p.26 Main goal of the CJS is to promote a peaceful and just society. Should aim for peacemaking, not punishment. *Summary chart on p.28* Ethics in Criminal Justice p.2933 Law enforcement p.2932 Court process p.32 Corrections p.3233