Public Speaking Notes
Public Speaking Notes COMM265G
Popular in The Principles of Communication
Popular in Communications
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jourdin Bailey on Thursday September 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM265G at New Mexico State University taught by Armfield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see The Principles of Communication in Communications at New Mexico State University.
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Date Created: 09/01/16
Public speaking is everywhere! You can make an impact on your little slice of the world, if you say your ideas effectively. WHY STUDY PUBLIC SPEAKING? 1. You'll likely need the experience it offers. 2. It will help you ace other classes. 3. It will help you be a better listener. 4. It encourages you to voice your ideas and recognize the influence that you have. 5. It teaches you to punch fear in your face. ( Five Reasons Everyone Should Take A Public Speaking Class by Jeremiah Massengale, PhD) Employment Education Citizenship Public Speaking= a communication event in which a speaker addresses a live audience normally w/o interruption. 4 Types of Speeches 6. Manuscript Speaking: written and read word for word 7. Memorized Speaking: from memory 8. Impromptu speaking: "off the cuff" without much preparation 9. Extemporaneous speaking: practiced speech with the aid of notes Strengths & Weaknesses Manuscript: GOOD: for exact wording (lawyers, politicians, news anchors) BAD: for sounding natural and maintaining eye contact Memorized: GOOD: for focusing on the audience BAD: for losing place, and it takes A LOT of effort Impromptu: GOOD: reduces speech anxiety and develops oral presentation skills BAD: hard to stay organized Extemporaneous: GOOD: for audience adaptation, eye contact, sounding natural, adapting to losing you place "BAD": requires time and effort to speak skillfully OVERALL GOAL: TO DELIVER YOUR SPEECH IN A CONVERSATIONAL WAY Purposes of a Public Speech... 10.Informative= teaching the audience new info or knowledge 11.Persuasive= attempting to change beliefs, attitudes, or behaviors 12. Special occasion speaking= mark a special occasion or honor a person/group Speeches are audience centered! Keep in mind at every step the audience I.e. in preparation, during the speech etc. Audience Analysis= the process of learning about an audience's interests and backgrounds in order to develop a speech that meets their needs and interests them. CONSIDER: Demographic characteristics, cultural background, attitudinal orientations, & past/prior experiences of the audience. Consider other peoples perspectives. Culture influences all aspects of a person's life. Egocentrism= the tendency of people to be concerned above all with their own values, beliefs, and well-being. DELIVERY Delivery is just something you need to practice on your own. "Try to create something with your audience." Strategies for Effective Speech Delivery Vocal enthusiasm: -speech rate –volume –effective pausing (avoid filters) -speak with conviction Gestural enthusiasm: -use gestures to emphasize points and engage the audience –purposeful movement across the floor – avoid pacing/distracting gestures Eye contact: -NOT simply glancing or looking towards then –looking into the eyes of your audience Practice: Practice OUT LOUD, attend the speech lab, FREEBIE EXAM QUESTION: Presenting a well-prepared, practiced speech with the aid of notes is called: A.) memorized speaking B.) manuscript speaking C.) extraneous speaking D.) EXTEMPORANEOUS SPEAKING
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