New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Evidence, Search, and Seizure- Week 2

by: Chelsey Smith

Evidence, Search, and Seizure- Week 2 CJ 433

Marketplace > University of Southern Mississippi > Criminal Justice > CJ 433 > Evidence Search and Seizure Week 2
Chelsey Smith
GPA 3.9

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the definition of evidence, the exclusionary rule, exceptions to the exclusionary rule, and affirmative defenses.
Evidence Search & Seizure
Robert Whitacre
Class Notes
Criminal, Justice, Evidence, search, Seizure, Law
25 ?




Popular in Evidence Search & Seizure

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsey Smith on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 433 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Robert Whitacre in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Evidence Search & Seizure in Criminal Justice at University of Southern Mississippi.


Reviews for Evidence, Search, and Seizure- Week 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/02/16
CJ 443­ Evidence, Search, and Seizure August 31, 2016 Chapter 3­ Underlying Concepts of Evidence  Evidence­ tends to prove or disprove the belief of a situation is factual­ meaning  establishing truth or un­truths  Needs to be: relevant, reliable, competent  Relevant­ direct or circumstantial  Reliable­ possesses some degree that can be duplicated  Competent­ any evidence relevant and reliable evidence that is not otherwise  excludable  Prima Facie­ sufficient to establish a fact  Burden of Production­ on going forward with a trial­ the prosecution normally has burden of production  Direct of Verdict­ (rare) takes the case away from jury and the decision is up to the judge  Burden of Proof­ obligation to prove one’s assertion  Preponderance of the evidence­ more than a 50% likelihood that this crime  occurred  Clear and Convincing­ it is quite likely that this crime occurred (more rigorous  standard to meet than preponderance of evidence)  Beyond Reasonable Doubt­ no other logical explanation can be derived from the  facts  Doubt cannot be defined in Mississippi  Exclusionary Rule­ remedy for 4  amendment violations and is a good deterrent to law  enforcement to uphold the constitution  Development­ 1914 Weeks v US­ only federal court must exclude evidence  obtained in a violation of rights  Silver Platter Doctrine­ Elkins v US­ evidence seized by state police in  th violation of rights­ broader interpretation of 4  amendment   Mapp v Ohio­ all evidence obtained by searches and seizures illegally in violation of rights is inadmissible­ Mapp’s home contained illegal gambling operation­  which means that the exclusionary rule now applies to the states  Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine­ evidence gathered as an indirect  result of search and seizure illegally­ this applies to the state actors     Nothing gets excluded unless someone speaks up    Exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule:   Good Faith Exception­ Evans v Arizona man stopped in traffic stop has  (supposed) warrant on him so police searched his vehicle and found marijuana.  The warrant was due to a clerical error and the evidence found was upheld  Inevitable Discover­ Nix v Williams disappearance of young girl­ “Christian  burial” offender confessed to officer before his rights were read­ would have  found the girl’s body anyway and thus showing his guilt  Affirmative Defenses  Alibies­ “I wasn’t there” defense based on defense’s geographic location     Justification Defenses  Self Defense­ use of force to repel or prevent serious injury­ “true man  doctrine”­ right to defend your home “retreat doctrine”­avoid conflict as  much as possible “castle doctrine”­your home is your castle, protect it  accordingly   Defense of Others­ ex A attacks B unprovoked, C can come in and  physically stop A  Consent­ (like in boxing) aware of threat to bodily harm before incident­  ex statutory rape cases where the older individual believed the younger  person was of age  Execution of Public Duties­ “police officers” public servant justified to  kill someone who is threat to officer and public­ “there’s a fine line  between cops and criminals­ a badge”  Excuse Defenses­ admits they committed the act but was not responsible  Duress­ ex. A forces B to rob store, A holds gun to B’s head  Intoxication­ effect of drugs or alcohol­ used to mitigate punishment­ (in  MS voluntary intoxication is never a defense) only involuntary is  excusable  Mistake of Law/ Fact­ excuses criminal liability when it negates a crime  Infancy­ people below a certain age lack the mental capacity to mens rea  (criminal mind)   Insanity­ mental defect­ lack of requisite mens rea (1843) M’Naghten  Test­ inability to distinguish right from wrong   Necessity­ permits criminal manner within situation of emergency­  prevent harm of safety


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.