ARHI 2300 notes week 3
ARHI 2300 notes week 3 ARHI 2300
Popular in Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddi Huff on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHI 2300 at University of Georgia taught by Neely, Elizabeth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo in Art at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People ARHI 2300- Cave Painting to Michelangelo Lecture Notes Week 3 8/29/16 Egypt 1. Old Kingdom a. Ka figure- idealized statue that serves as resting place for the ruler in which his ka can reside. b. Seated Statue of Enthroned King Kafre i. Horas behind statue because he is the giver of the right to rule and protector of kings. His father, Osiris, represented regeneration. ii. Black stone alludes to Osiris and underworld. c. Menkaure and Wife- Represents the king and one of his wives. i. Also made of black stone ii. Active sculpture, figures are taking steps forward d. Seated Scribe- scribe posed performing his job i. Significantly smaller statue than that of the king ii. Active sculpture, he is in the process of writing e. Vocabulary i. Reductive sculpture- carving way base material ii. Additive sculpture- material added on to clay iii. Closed sculpture- no spaces within the piece iv. Open sculpture- spaces within piece f. Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt- papyrus relief of ruler watching the hunt, in order to give him a hunt in the afterlife i. canon of proportions- grid used in artwork for scale 2. New Kingdom a. Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut- Rock-cut tomb created from hillside i. Hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh ii. Public place of worship after her death b. Temple of Amen-Re- more isolated, intended for priests and noble men i. Pylon temple- name derived from simple, massive gateways ii. Hypostyle hall- hall with roof resting on columns 8/31/16 Aegean and Greek 1. Aegean a. Cycladic art i. Cycladic female figure- abstract figurine accentuates female figures. Possible funerary or fertility function ii. Pubic triangle is emphasized, as well as stomach b. Minoan i. Palace important for aristocracy, who believed they were better than the less wealthy ii. Theseus Fighting the Minotaur- sculpture depicting Theseus defeating minotaur iii. Minos prays to Poseidon for white bull to sacrifice. He sacrifices a lesser bull instead, angering Poseidon. His wife is cursed to fall in Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People love with bull, and gives birth to the minotaur. The beast was said to roam the labyrinth iv. Palace was similar to mythological labyrinth and extremely complex v. Dressed stone- finely finished cut blocks of stone that create a uniform face vi. Minoan palace at Knossos 1. Figure leaps over bull, thought to be a part of a ritual 2. Buon fresco- Paint is within plaster and becomes part of the wall c. Mycenaean i. Citadel at Tiryns 1. Cyclopean masonry- stones so heavy and large that cyclops must have built it 2. Lion gate- lions overlook people entering the city, similar to lamassu 9/2/16 1. Greece a. Greeks believed gods were extremely similar to humans, except immortal b. The many city-states were ruled by different forms of government c. First Olympic games held at Olympia i. Defines the shift between the dark ages and advanced civilization d. Geometric i. Advanced techniques used for pottery making ii. Geometric krater from Diylom cemetery- depicts very stylized figures, chariots, horses 1. Owned by wealthy person, shows woman with expensive furniture 2. Meander/key pattern- ornamentation of interlocking geometric motifs 3. Black-figure technique- motifs are applied with slip that turned black during firing 4. Slip- clay in liquid form 5. Red-figure technique- the decorative motifs remained the color of clay e. Due to trade, Greeks being to alter their styles i. Ezekias- first known Greek artist 1. Belly amphora with ajax playing dice-first commissioned piece, krater 2. Dialogue is inscribed into the piece
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