New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Week 2 class notes

by: Devrrae Russell

Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Week 2 class notes FW 104

Marketplace > Colorado State University > FW 104 > Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Week 2 class notes
Devrrae Russell

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover a review of genetics and into ecology
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
Ann Randall
Class Notes
Genetics, Ecology, ecosystems, Environment, Niche, Classification
25 ?




Popular in Wildlife Ecology and Conservation

Popular in Department

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Devrrae Russell on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FW 104 at Colorado State University taught by Ann Randall in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.


Reviews for Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Week 2 class notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/02/16
Wildlife Ecology week 2  August 30, 2016  Updates and Info  ● Quiz 1 closes tonight and Quiz 2 opens  ● Video taped lectures ­ scientific method and biochemical processes  ● Pay close attention to the processes in terms of products, by­products  ● Additional biodiversity article  Genetics Review  ● DNA  ○ Watson and Crick  ○ The genetic code or blueprint for life uses 4 type of molecular bases  ■ Adenine  ■ Cytosine  ■ Thymine   ■ guanine   ●  Genes   ○ The sentences that spell out how we construct proteins which produce traits   ● DNA is found in chromosomal pairs  ● Locus   ○ The position of the gene sequence on the chromosome   ● Diploid organisms  ○ Pairs of chromosomes   ● Alleles  ○ Different versions of the same genes are called alleles and code for different  versions of the same trait   ■ Heterozygous  ■ homozygous  ●  Genotype  ○ Genetic blueprint  ● Phenotype  ○ Outward appearance  ○ Physiological or behavioral  ■ Not all phenotypes blend well with the environment   ● Mutations cause genetic variation  ○ Radiation  ○ Chemicals  ○  replication errors  ○ Sexual reproduction            ● Evolution  ○ Change in the genetic composition of a population over time  ○ Can lead to a new species   ■ Natural selection  ● Environmental factors favor particular inherited traits  ○ Overproduction of offspring  ○ Struggle for existence  ○ Gene variation  ○ Differential survival and reproduction  ●  Why sex  ○ Sexual reproduction creates new genotypes which may be less adapted  ■ Asexual keeps successful genotype intact  ● Can cause population to susceptible to infection  ○ Costly in time and energy  ● The red queen hypothesis  ● The cost and curiosity of animal ornamentation    ●  All genotype are not always a result of natural selections  ○ Artificial selection  ● Genetic drift   ○ Random change in allele frequencies in small or reduced populations  ● Inbreeding   ○ Mating between relatives increases the frequency of  ● Speciation  ○ New species are produced when environments change significantly  ● Evolution occurs at the level of population                                    September 1, 2016  Ecology ­ Part 1  Levels of organization:  ● Individual   ● Population:   ○ Individuals of a certain species in given area that interact with each other  ● Community:  ○ Assemblage of populations that interact with each other in environment  ●  Ecosystem:   ○ Communities with non­living matter/ energy in the environment  What is a species?    ● Species:  ○ Groups of population that actually or potentially reproduce and produce viable  offspring  ● Reproducing is isolates from other groups  ○ Urchins, bower bird's, stonefly ...  Classification  ● Kinky People Come Over For Good …. Soup   ● Kingdom  ● Phylum  ● Class   ● Order   ● Genus   ● Species  More ecology concepts:  ● Habitat:  ○ A place or area where a population or animal lives  ○ Provides welfare factors  ● Habitat components  ○ Food  ■ Food selection  ● predator , omnivore, herbivore, detritivore  ■ Food specificity   ● Specialist vs. generalists   ○ Water   ■ 10 ­ 20 % loss in body leads to death     ○ Cover  ■ Types of cover  ●  Topography   ● Water   ● Vegetation   ■  Can vary seasonally  ○ Space   ■ Home ranges and territories    ● Home range ­ area covered  ● Territory ­ area protected  ○ Oxygen   ○ Special needs…  ■ Ruffed grouse example  ● Snags   Habitat components vs ecosystem services  ● Habitat components  ○ Specific basal requirements for a species to survive; must be found locally within  an animal's habitat   ● Ecosystem services  ○ Processes through which ecosystems and their biota benefits humans   ● Niche   ○  Species place and function within the environment  ■ predator herbivore  ● Fundamental niche  ○ All physical, chemical, and biological factors or roles that a species is adated to  for life, growth and reproduction  ● Realized niche  ○ Portion of fundamental niche actually occupied by a species  ■ May be restricted by competitive interaction  ■  human interaction, land use and management  ● Competitive exclusion  ○ Two species cannot have the exact same niche  ○ Animals overlapping in diet do not necessarily occupy the same niche  ● Law of the minimum  ○ Organisms growth is limited by the factor in the shortest supply  ● Shelford's law of tolerance  ○ Species with broad tolerances = flexible, widely distributed  ○ Tolerances vary with individuals within a species or with development/  season 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.