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Contemporary Social Problems Week 3 Chapter 6

by: Katerina Kushla

Contemporary Social Problems Week 3 Chapter 6 SO 1103

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Sociology > SO 1103 > Contemporary Social Problems Week 3 Chapter 6
Katerina Kushla
GPA 4.0

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8-29-16 and 9-2-16 Chapter 6, Poverty and Economic Wealth
Contemporary Social Problems
Laura Jean Kerr
Class Notes
Contemporarysocialproblems, sociology, poverty
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Kushla on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Laura Jean Kerr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Social Problems in Sociology at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/02/16
Week 3 8/29-9/2/16 Chapter 6: Poverty and Economic Wealth Sociological Theories - Americans are taught that we live in a meritocracy – a social system in which individuals get ahead and earn reward based on their individual efforts and abilities - Everyone has an equal chance to succeed o Those who are successful are smart and talented and have worked hard to deserve their success o Those who fail to “make it” have only themselves to blame * Although we like to think we live in this society, we don’t many people go unrewarded for their hard work Perspectives Structural-Functionalism: - Poverty results from institutional breakdown Conflict: - Karl Marx proposed that economic inequality results from the domination of the bourgeoisie over the proletariat Corporate Welfare/Wealthfare: - Laws and policies that benefit corporations, such as low-interest government loans to failing businesses and management positions, interlocking board special subsidies and tax breaks to corporations - Protects corporations Symbolic Interactionist: - Meaning of being poor or wealthy Wealth – refers to the total assets of an individual or household minus liabilities (mortgages, loans, and debts) Poverty Absolute Poverty – the lack of resources necessary for material well-being: food, water, housing, land, and health care Relative Poverty – a deficiency in material and economic resources compared with some other population Extreme Poverty – living on less than $1.25 a day ($456.25 annually) **The U.S. uses relative poverty to provide assistance – based around food The Global Context: Measuring Poverty The Multidimensional Poverty Index is a measure of serious deprivation in three dimensions: Education, Health, and Living Standard Data from 104 countries (with 78% of the world’s population) revealed that a third of the world’s population lives in multidimensional poverty Half of the world’s poor, as measured by MPI, live in South Asia, though rates are highest in sub-Saharan Africa Patterns of Poverty and Inequality - Age – 1 in 4 children 5 and younger are likely to be in poverty (that’s 25%!) - Sex – 16% of males live in poverty - 24% of females live in poverty – due to work inequality and childcare costs - Education – the higher the degree, the better the chances of someone not being in poverty - Family Structure – stability, more than one “bread-winner” - Race or Ethnicity – more likely for ethnic groups to be in poverty - Labor Force Participation – full-time, part-time, lay-offs, hiring, etc. o The working poor – individuals who spend at least 27 weeks per year in the labor force, but whose income falls below the official poverty level Consequences - Health and Hunger - Lack of Clean Water and Sanitation - Housing and Homelessness - Legal Inequality - Political Inequality and Alienation - War and Social Conflict - Natural Disasters - Education - Family Stress - Intergenerational Poverty Health and Hunger o Lower socioeconomic status is associated with higher incidence and prevalence of health problems, disease, and death o Hunger in the U.S. is measured by the percentage of households that are food insecure (not just having food but nutritional value of food)  The household had difficulty providing enough food for all its members due to a lack of resources o In 2011 nearly 15% of U.S. households were food insecure at some time during the year Family Stress and Parenting Problems - The stresses associated with low income contribute to substance abuse, domestic violence, child abuse and neglect, divorce, and questionable parenting practices - Poor adolescent teenagers are at higher risk of having babies than their non-poor peers - Word Gap – Average 3-year-old knows 1100 words, impoverished know only 500 Intergenerational Poverty - Problems associated with poverty, such as health and educational problems, create a cycle of poverty from one generation to the next - Poverty that is transmitted from one generation to the next is called intergenerational poverty - Intergenerational poverty creates a persistently poor and socially disadvantaged population, referred to as the underclass


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