Social Realities Notes - 9/2/16
Social Realities Notes - 9/2/16 SOC 1004
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Greg G on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. David L. Brunsma in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Social Realities o Sociological Units of Analysis Self – We are born with a sense of self. Face to Face – Conversation analysis, small groups/dyads. Large Groups – Group associations (Race, Gender, etc) Organizations – Identifiable memberships, common purpose. Institutions – Groups of organizations w/common ideas (ex. Higher education) Cultures – The system of “meaning making” within a society. Societies – A people with unique cultures. o Sociology… ...is a social science. …seeks description/explanation vs normative. ...is empirical vs speculative. …makes the familiar strange. …develops your sociological imagination. …seeks to understand the world. …empowers you to change the world. Three Main Factors o Industrial Revolution Caused agricultural production to skyrocket. More Food More People 1750 – 1850 (Population doubled!) o Urbanization Caused by Industrial Revolution Prompted the rise of sociology. Urban life was much different than rural life. Waves of Political Revolutions Raised questions: “How would these new urban societies be held together?” “How will this not result in chaos?” o Rise of Science Societies moved away from religion and towards science. More people questioned “Why?” Ferdinand Tonnies o German Sociologist Investigated Rural vs Urban o Terms: Gemeinschaft “Community” Small Size High Density of Social Ties Intimate Low Diversity Gesellschaft “Association”, ”Society” Large Size Low Density of Social Ties Impersonal High Diversity Emile Durkheim o His investigations on suicides were considered the first sociological works. o Born in 1850s – France o Solidarity Mechanical – Social cohesion due to similarities. Organic – Social cohesion due to interdependent differences. o If you can’t find mech. cohesion in your community, you can find it at home/church. o “You can bring people together by focusing on a common enemy.”
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